World
Boys in custody and the women who abuse them
The US’s system of juvenile justice has long been troubled. But recent studies have revealed a surprising new menace: female staffers at detention facilities sexually abusing the male youngsters in their care
 
The older authority figure wins the trust of the young target by cultivating a false friendship, having heart-to-heart conversations, giving gifts, offering protection. And then the sex ensues, sometimes forced, sometimes seemingly consensual.
 
It is a classic predatory tactic known as “grooming,” and no one familiar with it could have been terribly surprised when a new report from the U.S. Department of Justice declared that young people in the country’s juvenile detention facilities are being victimized in just this way. The youngsters in custody are often deeply troubled, lacking parents, looking for allies. And the people in charge of the facilities wield great power over the day-to-day lives of their charges.
 
What was a genuine shock to many was the finding that in the vast majority of instances, it was female staff members who were targeting and exploiting the male teens in their custody.
 
The phenomenon -- a particularly unexamined corner of the nation’s long-troubled juvenile justice system – presents an array of challenges for those concerned about better protecting young people in custody: encouraging male teens to understand such sex is, in fact, a crime, that it is never really consensual, and that its long term effects can be seriously harmful; requiring corrections officials to stop blaming the young boys and meaningfully punish the female staffers; and establishing standards of conduct meant to end the abuse.
 
“Many corrections leaders continue to minimize this abuse, arguing that it’s the kids who are manipulating the staff, that these boys are asking for it,” said Lovisa Stannow, executive director of the California-based nonprofit Just Detention International, which advocates for the elimination of prison rape. “That’s simply not good enough.”
 
The Justice Department first discovered the startling form of abuse in 2010, when it surveyed more than 9,000 youngsters living in juvenile halls and group homes. More than 10 percent of the respondents said they’d been sexually abused by staff and 92 percent said their abuser was female.
 
In the last three years, the numbers haven’t changed much. 
 
The Justice Department released its second report last month, and this time researchers surveyed more than 8,700 juveniles housed in 326 facilities across the country. In all, the facilities house more than 18,000 juveniles, representing about one quarter of the nation’s total number of youngsters living in detention centers. 
 
Drawing on their sample, Justice Department researchers estimate that 1,390 juveniles in the facilities they examined have experienced sex abuse at the hands of the staff supervising them, a rate of nearly 8 percent. Twenty percent who said they were victimized by staff said it happened on more than 10 occasions. Nine out of 10 victims were males abused by female staff. 
 
Nearly two-thirds of the abused youngsters said that the officials lured them into sexual relationships by giving them special treatment, treating them like a favorite, giving gifts and pictures. 
 
Twenty-one percent said staff gave them drugs or alcohol in exchange for sex.
 
Stannow said that the rate of abuse perpetrated by female guards on male victims is the result of a “dangerous combination” of cultural and institutional problems, not the least of which is the fact that women forcing males into sex does not comport with society’s conventional definition of rape. 
 
“When you have an extreme power differential and absolute unchecked power, bad things start happening,” Stannow said. “When you combine this with a culture where sex abuse by females on males isn’t taken seriously, then you have the perfect set-up for women with all this power to get away with it.”
 
Stannow and others say that the young male victims themselves may not even consider their relationships with women to constitute sex abuse. They might consider it consensual because they didn’t actively fight off their abusers.
 
“The biggest concern for me is what this means they’re not getting inside detention, which is a positive relationship with adults and with authority figures. They’ve not learned what those positive relationships should be like, and, for many, they’ve never had them in their life,” said Michele Deitch, an attorney and senior lecturer at the University of Texas’s School of Public Affairs in Austin. 
 
“These boys aren’t getting the kinds of treatment and programming that are supposed to make them more productive citizens and healthier youth,” said Deitch, who focuses on improving safety conditions in prisons and juvenile detention centers. “Many have experienced trauma their entire lives and now this is just more trauma for them to deal with.”
 
Reggie Wilkinson, the former director of the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction, said that consensual sex between a corrections officer and an inmate is impossible given the power imbalance between the two.
 
But he also said that, in some cases, both female guards and the boys they molest share some responsibility.
 
“There’s no such thing as consensual sex when you are supervising someone, regardless of their age, but the reality of it is that some of the guys in prison are very persuasive and some of the women are very persuasive,” Wilkinson said.
 
“I’m not sure anybody has got a real handle on why the Bureau of Justice Statistics is finding these kinds of numbers, but it’s on the radar screen of a lot of people.”
 
Wilkinson and Stannow agree that it is important to keep women as detention facility personnel. They often do great work. But the predators, they say, must be identified, halted and prosecuted.
 
“I think in many cases female staff are better suited than males,” Wilkinson said. “A good mix of staff is what we always want. That so-called motherly impact is a big deal and women who are stern but fair with the inmates I think can perform that job as well as any male could.”
 
Courtesy: ProPublica.org
 

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Food Security Bill: Who will plug the loopholes in PDS?

India’s main problem is proper management of demand and supply. So unless the government plugs loopholes in the PDS system, the Bill, brainchild of Sonia Gandhi, will only increase prices of foodgrain

The United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government finally took the ordinance route to implement its ambitious Food Security Bill-FSB , after efforts to have a debate in Parliament failed. The Food Security Bill, the brainchild of UPA chairperson Sonia Gandhi, aims to give legal rights to 67% of the population (those below the poverty line-BPL) over a uniform quantity of 5 kg foodgrain a month at Rs1 to Rs3 per kg. However, analysts feel that the country cannot afford such 'subsidy' luxury, which also have potential to increase foodgrain prices substantially.

 

According to Nomura Financial Advisory and Securities (India) Pvt Ltd, India’s current macro-economic position does not provide the space to implement this policy.”The government has budgeted its food subsidy at 0.8% of GDP (Rs900 billion) for the year ending March 2014, which will not be enough if the Food Security Bill is implemented in entirety. We do not expect a substantial fiscal impact of the bill in FY14 as it is likely to be implemented only in phases initially and since three months of the fiscal year have already passed. However, the medium-term consequences of the bill could be far reaching and will be clear from FY15 onwards,” Nomura said in a research note.

 

To implement the Bill in full, the government would need to procure more than 65 million tonnes of grains every year. The food security bill entitles 75% of the rural and 50% of the urban population to subsidised foodgrain. However, all the eligible households are unlikely to shift to public distribution system (PDS) under the new Food Security Bill, feels CRISIL.

 

“We believe that due to the preference for better quality and greater variety of foodgrain available in the open market, households above the poverty line that are currently not purchasing foodgrain under the PDS are unlikely to shift to PDS. BPL households, in contrast, will be less sensitive to quality as the resultant savings forms a significant proportion of their annual expenditure. Therefore BPL households are likely to shift to PDS once the FSB is implemented,” the ratings agency said in a report.

 

The bill aims to provide subsidized rice, wheat and coarse cereals to 67% of the population. However, the consumption pattern across the country is different. In fact, some states like Rajasthan do not sell wheat in its PDS shops. In Jharkhand, the quantity of rice consumed by a rural BPL household is 3.6 times its consumption of wheat. By contrast, in Rajasthan the foodgrain consumption under PDS almost entirely comprises of rice.

 

As per the Tendulkar Committee estimates, around 41% of rural and 25% of urban population fall under the below poverty line or BPL category. Nomura feels that while this bill is justifiable on welfare grounds, the macro-economic implications of the bill are quite significant.

 

“First, it will raise the government’s food subsidy burden to an estimated 1%-1.2% of GDP per annum from 0.8% of GDP currently. There would be additional expenses on creating the infrastructure related to implementing the Food Security Bill. Second, the government would need to have adequate food stocks every year for this purpose. In case of a deficient monsoon, the country may need to import grains, which could send global foodgrain prices higher. Third, with the government likely to procure a substantial part of the domestic foodgrain production, this could create scarcity for the private sector, pushing prices higher. Fourth, this bill could push up consumption demand for other items, as a lesser portion of current disposable income would need to be spent on grains. Therefore, the overall fiscal and inflationary consequences of the Food Security Bill are large,” the brokerage, said.

 

CRISIL however feels that the Bill will provide households with additional disposable income, which in effect would move up the income bracket. CRISIL estimates that the FSB could generate additional savings of around Rs4,400 this year for each BPL household which begins to purchase subsidised food. “For rural households the savings amount exceeds their current annual medical and educational spends. Higher disposable income would also allow BPL households to spend more on protein rich food, thereby improving their nutritional intake,” the ratings agency said.

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COMMENTS

ashwin bahl

3 years ago

Perhaps we should change the header to read
quote


Moneylife ยป Food Security Bill: Who will FOOT the COSTS in PDS?

unquote

REPLY

ashwin bahl

In Reply to ashwin bahl 3 years ago

...and the Food Security Bill.....

SuchindranathAiyerS

3 years ago

Who indeed? The PDS like all other Indian Government schemes have evoleved ver 65 years to be a process of creating scarcity to distribute entitlements and buil vote fodder while aplying the resources of the State to the primary benefit of the ruling elites. Nothing but violent revolution can change the Neta-Babu Quota-Corruption Raj

ashwin bahl

3 years ago

We wanna create more loopholes and scams and the loot will go on, do we really expect the ground reality to change in India with this Bill or any other Bill ? We can not make enough warehouses FOR grain storing for example, so what are we talking about ?

Vinay Joshi

3 years ago

A worldwide survey was conducted by the UN. The only question asked was:

"Would you please give your honest opinion about solutions to the food shortage in the rest of the world?"

The survey was a huge failure.

In Africa they didn't know what 'food' meant.

In India they didn't know what 'honest' meant.

In Europe they didn't know what 'shortage' meant.

In China they didn't know what 'opinion' meant.

In the Middle East they didn't know what 'solution' meant.

In South America they didn't know what 'please' meant.

And in the USA they didn't know what 'the rest of the world' meant!

Regards


REPLY

N Kanitkar

In Reply to Vinay Joshi 3 years ago

:)

sathyacumaran

3 years ago

As already all the state govt had come out with various welfare measure which have been successfully implemented and running without any hitch the last trial of present UPA govt is because next year 2014 is election year inorder to save their face for corrutpion and price rise they have mopped up this bill its and utter waste


sathyacumaran

Ashok Kumar Rastogi

3 years ago

FSB= fund sourcing bill. The Govt. wants to implement FSB without caring for delivery system leakages. Rajiv Gandhi said 85% of fund leaked without reaching to target people. One can see who would get benefited with this scheme with votes & monetarily.

Sensex, Nifty in no man’s land: Thursday Closing Report

A close above 5,865 on the Nifty would see the upmove continuing. However, if the benchmark closes below 5,760 we may see it heading towards 5,565
 

The market snapped its two-day decline as buying in index stocks in the late session lifted the benchmarks higher. A close above 5,865 on the Nifty would see the upmove continuing. However, if the benchmark closes below 5,760 we may see it heading towards 5,565. The National Stock Exchange (NSE) witnessed a turnover of 65.83 crore shares and advance-decline ratio of 754:621.
 
The market opened in the positive as two successive days of losses made stocks cheaper and on supportive global cues. The US markets closed higher in a short trading session on Wednesday, ahead of Thursday’s Independence Day holiday, on reports of a fall in weekly jobless claims and a rise in private sector employment. The better-than-expected US job report boosted the Asian markets in morning trade.
 
The Nifty gained 24 points over its previous close to resume trade at 5,795 and the Sensex started the day at 19,256, up 78 points. Support from healthcare, power, capital goods and IT stocks kept the momentum firm in early trade. 
 
The indices pared a small part of their gains on profit booking and touched their intraday lows at around 10.00am. The Nifty slipped to 5,786 and the Sensex went back to 19,245, at their respective lows.
 
Buying in IT, FMCG and oil & gas counters pushed the benchmarks higher in late morning trade. A higher opening of the key European markets also supported the sentiment in the second half of the trading session. 
 
The volatile market once again edged lower in post-noon trade, after the RBI governor asked banks to lower lending rates to attract investments. However, buying in index stocks in the late session saw the market hitting its high with the Nifty touching 5,848 and the Sensex climbing to 19,445. The market settled near the highs of the day, snapping its two-day decline.
 
The Nifty closed 66 points (1.14%) up at 5,837 and the Sensex finished the day at 19,411, a gain of 233 points (1.22%).
 
Among the broader indices, the BSE Mid-cap index gained 0.52% and the BSE Small-cap index rose 0.21%.
 
The top sectoral gainers were BSE IT (up 2.73%); BSE Fast Moving Consumer Goods (up 2.69%); BSE TECk (up 2.35%); BSE Realty (up 1.56%) and BSE Consumer Durables (up 1.23%). BSE Metal (down 0.29%) was the lone loser while BSE Capital Goods ended flat.
 
Out of the 30 stocks on the Sensex, 20 stocks settled higher. The gainers were ITC (up 3.74%); Tata Power (up 3.58%); TCS (up 3.26%); Tata Motors (up 2.80%) and Bharti Airtel (up 2.38%). The main losers were Tata Steel (down 1.73%); BHEL (down 1.63%); Sterlite Industries (down 1.13%); Bajaj Auto (down 1.02%) and ONGC (down 0.84%).
 
The top two A Group gainers on the BSE were—UCO Bank (up 9.23%) and TTK Prestige (up 7%).
The top two A Group losers on the BSE were—Ashok Leyland (down 7.69%) and MMTC (down 4.98%).
 
The top two B Group gainers on the BSE were—Control Print (up 20%) and Firstsource Solutions (up 19.92%).
The top two B Group losers on the BSE were—Gennex Laboratories (down 19.59%) and Empee Distilleries (down 18.45%).
 
Of the 50 stocks on the Nifty, 35 ended in the in the green. The major gainers were Reliance Infrastructure (up 4.09%); HCL Technologies (up 3.95%); ITC (up 3.88%); Tata Power (up 3.63%) and BPCL (up 3.54%). The key losers were BHEL (down 2.40%); Tata Steel (down 1.71%); Sesa Goa (down 1.53%); Cipla (down 0.79%) and Axis Bank (down 0.78%).
 
Markets across Asia, with the exception of the Nikkei and the Taiwan Weighted, closed higher on positive growth signals from the US. Besides, assurance by the Chinese premier Li Keqiang to support infrastructure growth also boosted investor confidence.
 
The Shanghai Composite gained 0.59%; the Hang Seng surged 1.60%; the Jakarta Composite added 0.10%; the KLSE Composite rose 0.12%; the Straits Times advanced 0.56% and the Seoul Composite climbed 0.79%.
 
At the time of writing, the key European indices were in the green and the US stock futures were trading with gains. However, the US markets will remain closed for trade today for the Independence Day holiday.
 
Back home, foreign institutional investors were net sellers of equities totalling Rs705.06 crore on Wednesday while domestic institutional investors were net buyers of shares amounting to Rs252.88 crore.
 
Pune-based Deepak Fertilisers and Petrochemicals Corporation (DFPCL) has acquired 2,89,91,150 equity shares of face value Rs 10 each, representing 24.46% of share capital of Mangalore Chemicals and Fertilisers. The stock rose 0.43% to close at Rs94.40 on the NSE. 
 
The largest Direct-to-Home (DTH) service provider Dish TV India has decided to increase prices of its set-top box by Rs250. The hike will be effective from today. While its standard definition set-top box will now be priced Rs2,249, its Dish plus recorder will cost Rs2,349. The company said there was no price rise on high-definition set-top boxes. The stock fell 0.24% to close at Rs61.80 on the NSE.
 

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