Money & Banking
Banks facing legal hurdles while recovering bad loans
While the non-performing assets or bad loans of banks are reaching new highs, the lenders are finding loan recovery difficult due to legal and procedural hurdles
While the net non-performing assets (NPAs), or bad loans, of banks are on the rise, bankers are facing several issues including legal and procedural hurdles while recovering their dues. Several bankers present at BANCON 2013 in Mumbai, however, assured that banks are paying a lot of attention for loan recovery from big and small defaulters.
"There are many challenges (in recovering dues) including legal ones. Even after using the Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets & Enforcement of Security Interest Act, 2002 (SARFAESI Act), defaulters are found obtaining stays from any court, including labour courts. We then have to rush to that court and get the stay vacated. This is making recovery (of dues) difficult," said Arundhati Bhattacharya, chairperson and managing director of State Bank of India (SBI).
Speaking earlier, finance minister P Chidambaram also asked bankers to deal firmly with wilful defaulters, but handhold those victims of circumstances who are reeling under the impact of the economic slowdown.  
The NPAs of 40 listed banks, including State Bank of India (SBI), Bank of Baroda (BoB), Punjab National Bank (PNB), Central Bank of India, IDBI Bank and Union Bank of India jumped 38% or by around Rs35,424 crore during the first half of FY2014 due to high provisioning. Net NPAs of these lenders jumped to Rs1.3 lakh crore from Rs93,109 crore as on March 2013, says a study conducted by
SS Mundra, chairman and managing director of Bank of Baroda said, banks use two options in case of bad debt, recover and restructure. "Recovery option is used when there is other choice left (for repayment of loan by the borrower) and there are several procedure involved in this process. Restructuring of loans is mostly used whenever possible," he said.
According to a research paper by McKinsey & Company, capital allocation by Indian banks is questionable. "In India, around 73% of total banking credit goes to non-retail customer segment and about 40% of this is channelled into sectors such as infrastructure, metals and mining, auto, textiles, durable and paper products that are currently not creating value," it said.
"On an incremental basis, 44% of corporate credit was channelled into these sectors. The level of credit allocation, especially for infrastructure, from the banking sector is significantly lower for other Asian economies such as Thailand, Indonesia and Singapore. While a lot of the asset quality problems in the (Indian) banking industry today are a reflection of the macroeconomic situation, too much emphasis on just big ticket lending to build balance sheets will lead to concentration of lending to fewer companies and continued exclusion of small business, specialised and mass lending opportunities," McKinsey & Company added. said, Out of the total 40 listed banks, 14 banks have reported more than 50% jump in net NPAs during the first six months of FY14. According to analysis done by, the share of the top ten banks in net NPAs has come down to 67.8% in September from 70% in March 2013. The analysis also shows that net NPA of seven banks was higher than 3.5% as on September 2013 as against none as of March 2013.



Satnam Singh Sidhu

3 years ago

Apart from above said reasons there is one more reason that need attention of bankers, financial institutions and public.

Borrowers may show fake assets to banks for securing loans to run their businesses.

Recently, a huge discrepancy in bank loan advanced to Pritpal Singh Arora s/o Bhagat Singh Arora 79A The Mall Amritsar have come to my limelight.

Mr Arora secured loan in 2008 against a property in Bala Chak, Amritsar from Bank of Baroda which is not in his possession. The loan amount financed by bank was way higher than the collector rate of the property.

How a loan amount higher than collector rate of land was secured is, still a mystery.

Even further the possession of land was shown to bank on a different property by Mr Arora which is situated in different village and that vacant property belongs to Punjab Government. Land physical location verification and land evaluation was performed by bank on that Government owned property.

Why bank failed to identify the actual physical location of land, the actual collector rate of the land, the real possession of the land is highly questionable!

But this is just part of the story. The blunder mistakes or fraud of bank and frauds of borrower are just the beginning.

The borrower failed to pay his loan payments promptly and Bank of Baroda, Partap Nagar, Amritsar issued public notice in first week of June 2014 for eAuction on July 10th 2014.

When one of the bidder approached the bank regarding details about the property, the bank chief manager, Sarabjit Singh provided them the required documents and also sent bank officer Mr Sharma and Recovery agent Mr Mangal Singh Sandhu with the bidder for site inspection.

Again the wrong property was shown by the bank officials to the potential bidder. I mean the government property situated in village Varpal, Amritsar.

The potential bidder firm, PIMC agent Gagan asked bank chief manager for the clarification for the discrepancy.

Chief manager refused to give any clarification. The MD of PIMC, Sahibjit Singh Sandhu, has asked for the clarification from the DGM, H S Sidhu of Bank of Baroda in Jallandar.

The last date for bid is July 8th 2014. So far Sahibjit Singh Sandhu have not received any clarification.

Question is how come a reputable bank such as Bank of Baroda can make such a big mistake of auctioning a government property.

Even though bank made a blunder mistake in their initial loan approval procedure by evaluating a wrong property but question arises who authorized the bank to auction the wrong property.

Isn't it bank misusing the power bestowed to them by SARFAESI ACT

For detailed documentary evidence contact at [email protected]

RBI should rein in inflation, says BNP Paribas

The tacit agenda of the Rajan-led RBI remains to normalise real deposit rates and boost financial saving, says BNP Paribas

Like its CPI (consumer price index) cousin, the WPI (wholesale price index) data chalked up an awful reading, with factory gate inflation accelerating to an 8-month high in October 2013. The pick-up to 7.0% year-on-year from 6.5% in September 2013 was a tad stronger than both our and market expectations as per the Bloomberg survey, echoing the CPI data released earlier this week in suggesting India’s dynamics are getting worse, not better. These observations are made by BNP Paribas in its research note.


Volatile primary food price inflation remained rapid, running at 18.2%. However it was indeed down marginally from September’s 18.4% year-on-year rate. Leading the move lower were fruit and vegetable prices, as there appear tentative signs of the surge in onion prices levelling off. This is in part due to the drought in Maharashtra and heavy rains in other growing areas. Fruit and vegetable price inflation moderated to 45.6% year-on-year after reaching an almost 15-year high of 49.1% year-on-year in September 2013 reflecting two consecutive months of month-on-month declines, once the data are seasonally adjusted, points out BNP Paribas.


According to BNP Paribas, it was electricity and core inflation that led the move higher as the lingering impact of currency deprecation over the summer appears to be taking a toll on the latter.


The inflation trend can be studied in the following chart:


Commenting on RBI (Reserve Bank of India) policy, the research note argues that RBI governor Dr Rajan is showing welcome signs of a hard-line approach to inflation control by prioritising CPI, rather than WPI. With CPI inflation in low teen territory, today’s WPI data, if anything, just cements the case that Dr Rajan will deliver his third repo rate hike in as many as meetings as governor at the December meeting.


The research note concludes by saying, “the tacit agenda of the Rajan-led RBI remains to normalise real deposit rates and boost financial saving.” It is important that RBI ensures its monetary policy is sufficiently tight to re-anchor inflation expectations.


Nifty, Sensex in bear grip despite breaking 7-day losing streak

The markets are expected to be weak despite assurances from Raghuram Rajan and P Chidambaram as macro headwinds remain strong. A short rally may be met with increased selling

Stock markets fell for the second consecutive week. The BSE 30-share Sensex fell 266.73 points (or 1.29%) to close the week at 20,399.42, while the NSE Nifty closed at 6,056.15, down 84.60 points (or 1.38%). On Monday, the markets opened weak and stayed weak through the trading session, never breaching into green territory even once, underscoring bearishness seen since beginning of the previous week. The markets were affected by the news of the rupee slide as well as the reemergence of the ‘tapering’ theme. The Indian rupee fell 94 paise to an eight-week low, while the 10-year government bond yield crept up to its highest point since August, having crossed 9%  – signifying that it has become riskier to hold Indian government paper.

On Tuesday, Arvind Mayaram, the economic affairs secretary, has said that the finance ministry expects $25 billion of inflows by end of the year. But this failed to revive the markets. The downslide continued for the 6th day in a row. Markets opened in the green but the optimism did not last long. The weakness could be felt from the opening as it began to slide within an hour. Around noon, the markets dipped into the red and briefly recovered but soon fell off and continued the downward journey till trading session ended. In a measure to contain the rupee and deficit, the RBI had received $17.5 billion through a special window for swapping foreign currency non-resident (bank) deposits and overseas foreign currency borrowings by banks.

On Wednesday, the markets slid for the 7th consecutive day, prompting concerns about the rupee and economic recovery, especially food prices which will remain an election sticking point. Inflation data released on Tuesday made the markets weak as it continued to slide. Data released by the statistics office on Tuesday revealed the annual inflation rate for October 2013 is 10.09% as compared to 9.84% (final) for the previous month of September 2013. The corresponding provisional inflation rates for rural and urban areas for October 2013 are 10.11% and 10.20% respectively.

We had analysed what would happen to the markets on Thursday after the S&P BSE Sensex went down for seven consecutive days. The thorough analysis can be accessed here:

So did the markets move up on Thursday? Indeed, the markets broke its seven-day losing streak. The National Stock Exchange (NSE) recorded the rise on a lower volume of 52.69 crore shares. However, there was little conviction in today’s rally has the market fell later in the day below the opening level. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) governor, Raghuram Rajan, tried to assure on Wednesday that India will be able to fund current account deficit and would be able to deal with a global market sell-off. He also assured that he would move slowly if needed in winding down an oil window that provides dollars directly to state-run oil companies, while announcing a bond purchase of Rs80 billion on Monday to inject liquidity in markets.

The markets remained closed on Friday on account of Moharram.

Next week, Nifty may put in a small rally but may again head lower given strong macro headwinds.

Among the 1,279 shares that traded on the NSE this week, 426 rose, 817 fell and 36 remained unchanged.

Among the other indices on the NSE, the top two indices were Media (1%) and Auto (1%) while the top two losers were Realty (3%) and Energy (2%).

Among the Nifty stocks the top five gainers were Tata Steel (6%); Mahindra & Mahindra (5%); Dr. Reddy's Lab (2%); Cairn India (2%) and Maruti Suzuki (2%), while the top five losers were Asian Paints (-8%); Coal India (-6%); Gail (-6%); D L F (-5%) and Cipla (-5%).

Out of the 27 main sectors tracked by Moneylife, top five and the bottom five sectors were:

Top Weekly Gainers


Top Weekly Losers




Real Estate


Industrial Intermediates












Telecom Services


Foods & Beverages




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