Citizens' Issues
Bank employees to observe 5th Dec as 'All India Day' against bad loans

In order to highlight the bad loans or NPA menace in public sector banks, AIBEA decided to observe 5th December as 'All India Day' by wearing badges and holding rallies across the country

All India Bank Employees' Association (AIBEA), in order to highlight the increasing bad loans or non-performing menace in public sector banks (PSBs) has decided to observe 5th December as 'All India Day' by wearing badges and holding rallies.


According to the Union, over the past seven years, there are fresh bad loans worth Rs4.95 lakh crore only in PSBs, while during the same period, these lenders wrote off band debts worth Rs1.4 lakh crore. Top four defaulters of state-run banks constitute Rs23,000 crore of NPAs, the AIBEA said.


AIBEA has demanded remedial measures to address the growing menace of NPAs in state-run banks. The Union has demanded PSBs to publish list of bank loan defaulters of Rs1 crore and above, make wilful default in bank loan a criminal offence, order investigation to probe nexus and collusion (between the borrower and officials), amend Recovery Law to speed up the process, take stringent measures for recovering bad debts and not to incentivise corporate delinquency.

Here are some details about bad loans in PSBs shared by AIBEA...

People’s money for people’s welfare and not for private corporate loot

Bad loans are inevitable part of the banking business because in every loan there is an element of risk involved and a possibility of loan not being repaid. But in the last two decades we find that taking huge loan from the Banks and making it as NPA has been perfected as an exquisite art by the big and corporate borrowers. Taking loans from the banks, deliberately not repaying it and getting away from it through write-offs has become an industry by itself. But as bank employees we know that this is nothing but daylight robbery and open loot of public money because loans are given by the banks from the savings of the general public. That is why AIBEA slogan is – People’s money for people’s welfare and not for private corporate loot.

Bad loans – a growing menace

Bad loans in the banks have been alarmingly increasing over the years. Gross NPAs and bad loans in the public sector banks have increased from Rs39,000 crore as on 31 March 2008 to Rs1.64 lakh crore as on 31 March 2013.

If we include the bad loans in the private banks and foreign banks and other financial institutions, the total bad loans are more than Rs2.50 lakh crore.

Increasing bad loans: Gross NPA

Thus, in all the banks, the bad loans are going up. As seen in the figures above, there is 50 % increase in bad loans during the last year. 

Increase in provisions for bad loans – cannot be ignored any longer  

Spurt in the provisions being made from the earned profits of the banks is another serious challenge faced by the banking industry today.

Fresh bad loans on the increase – there is a method in the madness

Bad loans in the Banks used to be explained as legacy issues, money stuck up in some old accounts, etc. But, year after, fresh bad loans are being added in the banks. There is clearly a nexus between borrowers, banks and political administration.

According to RBI, the banks have added Rs4.95 lakh crore to their bad loans between 2007 to 2013.


Provisions are bulging – Profits are dwindling – Why ?

Banks are already working under lot of stress and strain. And yet the Banks are able to earn profits due to the hard work put in by the entire workforce handling various types of banking services and operations. But the provisions for bad loans are taking a heavy toll on the profits and the net profits are dwindling. It appears that Banks are earning profits only to donate the same to hide the corporate delinquency.

NPAs constituted by top four defaulters in PSBs

Bad loans of the big borrowers are increasing alarmingly and the inaction against them is encouraging them to deliberately default the bank loans. The following figures will reveal the extent of bad loans in top four borrower’s accounts in PSBs.

Gross NPAs of above Rs1 core accounts: Rs68,000 crore stuck up:

Catch the culprits – match the statement of FM

Recently our Finance Minister made the statement: “We cannot have an affluent promoter and a sick company. Promoters must bring in money. We wish banks take firm steps to recover NPAs.” As of June, 2013, total Gross NPAs in public sector banks has crossed Rs180,000 crore. 35% of these bad loans i.e. Rs 63,678 crore are loans over due from top 30 corporate are big borrowers. Finance Minister wants banks to take firm steps to recover these bad loans. Then what is stopping the banks? Why are they not catching the big culprits? It is high time that tough action is taken to recover these bad loans.

Corporate debt restructuring – a conduit to hide bad loans – Rs3.25 lakh crore hidden so far 

Already bad loans in the banks are being suppressed and depressed by showing reduced amounts of bad loans through provisioning, write-offs, concessions, waivers, one time settlements, compromise proposals, etc.  Of late, banks are resorting to heavy restructure of bad loans to artificially show them as performing loans. 

According to RBI, the total bad loans restructured as good loans has exceeded Rs3.25 lakh crore of which loans restructured in favour of corporate borrowers is Rs2.70 lakh crore.

Pig with a lipstick does not become a princess – RBI Governor 

In this scenario of increasing portfolio of restructured loans, it is crystal clear that CDR is only a scheme to hide the bad loans from public eyes. RBI report clearly says that Restructured Loans are nothing but potential and postponed NPAs. A few days ago, RBI Governor has also expressed his concern about the tendency to evergreen and dress up the bad loans to avoid provisions. 

To quote him, he said: "You can put lipstick on a pig but it doesn't become a princess. So dressing up a loan and showing it as restructured and not provisioning for it when it stops paying, is an issue. Anything which postpones a problem than recognising it is to be avoided".

Provision coverage ratio falling down – a matter of concern 

Even when the bad loans are increasing, provision made against the same is a back-up against any possible contingency. But because the increase in bad loans is so huge that Banks are unable to make adequate provisions with the result the NPA provision coverage ratio in the banks is coming down in the last few years. This means that the Banks are getting more vulnerable and susceptible to risks against loan losses.

As compared to the provision coverage ratio of 68% as on 31-3-2012, this has been drastically reduced to 62% as on 31-3-2013. In most of the public sector banks, the provision coverage ratio has drastically fallen. According to RBI, the ratio in the entire banking system has fallen from 55% to 45 % while the global average ratio is 70 to 80%. 

NPA provision coverage

(Ratio of provisions made against Gross NPA)

Increasing write off – robbing Peter to pay Paul 

The amount of write offs towards bad loans is also on the rise in the Banks. According to RBI, the bad loans worth Rs1.41 lakh crore were written off during the period 2007 to 2013. And most of these write offs were in favour of the big defaulters and corporate borrowers.


For some time, it was sought to be explained that increase in bad loans in Banks is due to priority sector and agriculture loans. Later, it was sought to be diluted as system generated NPAs. But now it is becoming clear that it is a systematic loot of public money. Even the government has confessed that the big and rich borrowers are the real culprits.










3 years ago

Bad loans are a problem which if not curbed immediately have the potential to cause massive damage to the Indian banking system.CDR cells only help in window dressing bad loans.Even though NPA appear to be brought down this is not due to actual recovery but only technical write offs which state that the loan is unrecoverable and are written off.Much hype surrounded the INR 60000 Crores farm loan waiver in 2008.More than 1 Lakh Crores is unrecoverable due to defaults by the Corporate sector.Bulk of the bad loans for PSU banks are only due to a handful of Corporates.RBI Governor recognizes this problem and states that promoters of Companies which are mismanaged leading to bad debts and NPA's for banks do not have a divine right to continue in office.

nagesh kini

3 years ago

Kudos to the MLD team for this informed report!
We have here a classic case of "Lies, damn lies and statistics" - the mass of info on bad loans 'stressed assets', NPAs restructuring or CDR, provisioning all end up in the graph hitting northwards.
Nowhere appear the names of the defaulters chronic ones at that. Though there are talks of 'naming and shaming'them banks seek the cloak of 'banking secrecracy' that is nothing but a sham.
Just now some top SBI officials are under the scanner - this is but the tip of the ice berg. The rot begins with the North Block offices of the MOF of the GOI who pressurize,
The RBI Governor's simile of the pig and the lipstick is apt. DG Dr. Chakrabarty has been more forthright.
In stead of CDR each of the banks should on 1st Jan.2014 the names of their top 100 defaulter as on 31st December,2013. As a matter of courtesy the banks can notify them individually of the proposed notification. This is better that all inane data on NPAs and prudential banking norms, blah, blah!

Tarun Tejpal seeks more time, Goa police initiate next step

Goa police rejected Tarun Tejpal's request for time till Saturday to appear before it and did not rule out his arrest after he failed to present himself before 3pm on Thursday

Tarun Tejpal, the editor of Tehelka is seeking more time from the Goa Police even as the investigators have reportedly initiated next step as he failed to turn up before them before the deadline of 3pm. Goa police, however, has rejected Tejpal's request, while not ruling out his arrest after he failed to present himself before the investigating officer.


In a fax message, Tejpal has written to Goa police that he would appear before the investigating officer tomorrow, his lawyer told reporters in Delhi.


Earlier, Tejpal, who is accused of sexual assault against a woman colleague,  withdrew his bail plea in the Delhi High Court, saying he will “approach appropriate court for appropriate remedy“.


Tejpal had stepped down as Tehelka Editor-in-Chief for six months in the wake of the sexual assault case against him.


Fearing arrest by Goa police in connection with the case, Tejpal had approached the High Court seeking either anticipatory or transit bail.


Amidst speculation that Tejpal might approach the Supreme Court, his wife, daughter and some close friends were seen in the apex court in the morning along with his counsel Geeta Luthra and Kapur.


Kapur, however, said that Tejpal is not planning to move the apex court in the matter.


Tejpal had on Wednesday failed to get any immediate relief on his anticipatory bail petition in the Delhi High Court.


The Goa police direction to him yesterday came after the complainant recorded her statement under Section 164 of CrPC before a magistrate in Panaji.


The woman journalist has alleged that she was sexually assaulted by him in a lift in a five-star hotel in Goa earlier this month.


Nerul Police registered FIR only after complaining to Commissioner

Why an assistant police inspector needed seven days and intervention from Samir Zaveri and Police Commissioner to register an FIR for a woman?

Police from Nerul, a distant suburb of Mumbai, kept ignoring a complaint from a woman for seven days until activist Samir Zaveri guided the lady and her husband to write to Commissioner of Police at Navi Mumbai. Following the intervention, the police filed a first information report (FIR) where the woman had received abusive calls and SMS.

While the complainant went to Nerul police station on 15th November, instead of filing the FIR, and taking action, the lady assistant police inspector (API) registered the case as a non cognizable (NC) offense under section 507 of Indian Penal Code (IPC).

According to the complainant, she received abusive phone calls from unknown person(s) on her mobile from 13th November. Even after complaining to Nerul police, she continued to receive the lewd calls and SMSs from unknown numbers, which troubled her day and night.

Due to the poor response from the police, who failed to take any steps in this case, her husband approached Railway Activist Samir Zaveri who guided him to write a letter to Commissioner of Police at Navi Mumbai.

In the complaint letter, the woman’s husband requested the Commissioner to initiate action against the API for not registering the FIR.

After sending the letter, he received a call from Nerul police station on 21st November, where the lady API asked him to come and file FIR on next day. However, when he visited the police station on 22nd November, the API was not there. He again wrote a letter, mentioning the incident to the Commissioner.

The same day Nerul Police again called him in the evening. When he went there, the police told him to approach the cybercrime cell and register his complaint there.

Due to the poor response from the lady API after visiting the police station several times, he then called activist Samir Zaveri. Zaveri in turn spoke with API and requested her to register the FIR as it is the police’s duty to register FIR. After registering FIR, police has to summon postal address, particulars of mobile users from mobile service providers to take action against abusive callers. Zaveri told the API that, this is not a case of cyber crime, because the crime was committed through using mobile phone calls and SMSs and was not over the internet.

Finally, after intervention from Zaveri, Nerul police registered an FIR under section 66A of Information Technology Act, 2000 and is now collecting more information about the abusers. This incident shows how painful and frustrated it is for a common citizen to register FIR with police, even in a genuine case like protecting modesty of a woman.



Ramesh Bajaj

3 years ago

What happens after the FIR is registered is important! You must see that the charge sheet and the evidence is properly presented in the court, if you want justice.

I have been through this..the IO (investigating officer) did not give the evidence to the court and ... I do not have to tell you the result.. a tremendous loss for me!

Vaibhav Dhoka

3 years ago

Routine bullying by police to ordinary citizen.A shameful act.

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