'MF Utility', which is expected to commence operations in the first week of April 2012, will help customers, distributors and financial advisors carry out transactions in mutual fund schemes across all asset management companies (AMCs) at one place
Mumbai: The Association of Mutual Funds in India (AMFI) plans to launch a portal, MF Utility, next fiscal that will facilitate transactions by customers, distributors and financial advisors in schemes offered by various asset management companies on a single, unified platform, reports PTI.
"MF Utility is planned to commence operations by the first week of April 2012, subject to appropriate clearances from SEBI (Securities and Exchange Board of India)," mutual fund trade body AMFI's chief executive HN Sinor said while addressing the body's 16th Annual General Meeting.
The new portal will help customers, distributors and financial advisors carry out transactions in mutual fund schemes across all asset management companies (AMCs) at one place.
Various issues, including ways to encourage overall growth of the mutual fund industry and foster increased participation by retail investors, especially in smaller towns, were discussed at the meeting.
Meanwhile, Franklin Templeton AMC president Harshendu Bindal and Deutsche AMC chief executive officer Suresh Soni have joined AMFI's board as directors.
In addition, HDFC AMC managing director Milind Barve was re-elected as chairman and Sundeep Sikka, the chief executive officer of Reliance AMC, as vice-chairman of AMFI.
In order to create awareness among investors, AMFI has been conducting various advertising campaigns across the country. Till August 2011, 3,486 investor awareness programmes covering 173 cities have been organised.
"Financial literacy cannot come overnight. It is a generational game and we have to continue with this effort on an ongoing basis," Mr Sinor said, adding that mutual fund industry can grow only if we are able to create trust within the investing public.
Mr Sinor also said the mutual fund industry plans to create a group of respected independent individuals to look into the grievances of investors and take quick remedial measures.
The Amazon Fire, a seven-inch tablet, does not have enough ammunition to take on the Apple iPad. But its Silk browser has capabilities which make it optimal for any tablet and cloud computing—hence, it has a great chance of dominating the browser market
The technology space is witness to a flurry of activity in recent weeks and Amazon fired a salvo of its own to add to the raging skirmishes across the sphere. The founder-CEO of Amazon, Jeffrey Bezos, launched the Kindle Fire on Wednesday amidst much fanfare and under the scrutiny of media eager to see if they have finally seen a worthy competitor to the iconic Apple iPad. The Fire is a seven-inch tablet that runs on Android and priced at an inviting $199, a point that is bound to encourage adaption.
The market is abuzz with the possibility of Fire turning into a serious competitor for the iPad, but that is more likely stretched imagination than a reasonable understanding of market realities.
Even at the risk of killing the bird before it takes wing, there are several reasons why the Fire does not have what it takes to challenge the sweeping success of the tablets from Apple. For starters, there are a number of seven-inch tablets that treat success and survival as synonyms from Asus to Samsung, and Amazon will have its task cut out if it has to make Fire achieve meaningful market penetration.
The fact that Fire is Wi-Fi only will handicap users in a world that is rapidly migrating to 3G. Fire has a single variant with a memory of just 8GB.The device does not connect to Google's Android market, instead it'll drive consumers to the Amazon App Store. It hardly compares with the reach and depth of Google's well-established market place for Android apps. At last count, the store had just over 10,000 apps listed for download, compared to over 2,00,000 apps hosted on Google's ever-growing marketplace. And for a generation that is thriving on voice & video interaction, the lack of a camera and microphone will be a big disappointment.
It is more likely that Fire will attract attention from the price-sensitive segment that migrates from the more conventional computing forms to the fast-growing tablet space. While there is substantial growth in the tablet market, giants like HP and RIM have been forced to eat humble pie despite similarly-touted products that measured far better against the king of the market, the iPad.
In a market that Forrester Research estimates will grow by 51% annually till 2015, Apple has cornered over 80% of the market and continues to hold steady despite the many clones that have flooded the market in recent times. It is unlikely that Fire can chip away at Apple's dominance.
The things that work well for Amazon are its highly visible Web-store and the seamless customer experience. We will know in a couple of months if Amazon succeeds at leveraging its strengths to ship an expected 4 million units. In a research report published by Piper Jaffray Companies, it was estimated that Amazon might be making a loss of almost $50 on each unit sold. But Bezos is confident that Amazon will be able to attract customers on the basis of the treasure trove of multimedia content in its possession. "I think of it as a service," he said in an interview on 28th September. "Part of the Kindle Fire is of course the hardware, but really, it's the software, the content, it's the seamless integration of those things."
But then Research In Motion (RIM) was similarly exuberant with Playbook but only managed to sell a meagre 2,00,000 units since its launch in the second quarter of this year. RIM is facing growing rumours of a Touchpad-styled discontinuation of its tablet, much like the HP fire-sale in August when the personal computing giant sold the last available devices at throwaway prices.
On the other hand, Apple is making merry, clocking a profit of $149 per unit on the lowest variant of its iPad—padding itself in glory amidst robust sales numbers. Apple shipped 9.25 million tablets in the second quarter of this year. Amazon's window of opportunity is set to close soon, with Apple set to steal the headlines again with the prospective launch of the next generation iPhone in early October.
In a scenario such as this, Amazon might be remembered more for its innovative browser called 'Silk' and less for the tablet. Silk is a cloud accelerated browser, moving some of the resource-intensive computing to the cloud, leading to a more seamless and racy browsing experience.
While Opera Mini has a similar architecture, Silk has been designed for greater efficiencies with the ability to optimise content for the tablet-for instance, it could optimise 3MB to just 50KB through processes such as file compression performed seamlessly on Amazon's Elastic Computing Cloud (EC2) service.
And when the cloud service is down, which is a rare event in itself, Silk has the capability to execute from Fire, albeit at a slower pace. If Amazon can allay fears around privacy and security, Silk could pave the way for a redefined browsing experience.
Whenever you criticise corruption and lack of ethics in India, be sure to track where the money is siphoned out—to the so-called developed countries, ‘free’ from corruption
Come October every year, we witness a repeat phenomenon. It is done with much breast-beating and nodding of heads after morning tea and networking. This is usually followed by a sumptuous lunch, after which there is a nap during the afternoon session, which is given to sponsors of various (sometimes dubious) sorts. Finally, there is an evening cocktail reception, which is well-attended, for obvious spirited reasons. This is also called the function for revealing the Global Corruption Perception Index by Transparency International (TI). It is usually done with some sweeping generalisations like "India continues to be (most) corrupt". This was the tagline for 2010.
Typically, a TI survey involves interviewing about 1,00,000 people globally every year, from about 85 countries. It involves specific questions pertaining to the supply side of corruption, which exists in about 180 countries. There is no further information on who these people are, how they are selected, and what their eligibility for such surveys is. It is assumed, however, on the basis of conversations had in passing with some people at TI-India (whose India office is about 300 metres as the crow flies from where I live) that it is more or less the same people every year. These are people who are supposed to be "influential" people—whatever that means.
You can read more about TI-India here:
For this, they have a global network, which seems to have the eyes and ears of those who matter, and a very well-oiled PR web.
TI releases, mainly, two products every year—(1) The Global Corruption Barometer in December and (2) The Corruption Perception Index in October. In both cases, since inception, the end result places India at the bottom of the barrel as far as corruption goes. So whether it is 1,000 families surveyed, or a lakh people interviewed, the results are invariably the same—the developed countries are shown as being less corrupt and the developing countries are shown as being more corrupt. This repeats without fail—and is then the basis of a fair amount of media publicity and perception management. So, the realities of corruption globally get conveniently sidelined.
And the reality is this—that for a "supply side" of corruption to exist in some developing countries, as there is, in immense proportions without a shadow of doubt in India, there has to be a "demand side" of corruption, elsewhere. This is especially true in non-corrupt developed countries—and that has been an historical truth from the day financial transactions were first invented. It is very interesting to note, therefore, that the issue of who sponsors, supports and provides financial backing for TI's very influential and fairly affluent lifestyle. It is often not as transparent as it should be. In addition, as this article will show, countries proven to be the worst in a corruption index in "demand-side" corruption are shown as being the best and purest of the lot in the TI indexes above. Is that because TI has been sponsored by the likes of Enron, Elf, Siemens, Lockheed Martin and others? Are they themselves at the centre of major issues pertaining to tax evasion, corruption and cross-border monetary movements, of the not exactly, the pure sort?
So, to take this further, this article tries to explain, what "demand-side" of corruption is.
Here is a simple number—The World Bank has endorsed estimates that in 2009, illicit financial flows out of developing countries were to the tune of $850 billion to $1 trillion. These were as provided by Global Financial Integrity (GFI), which made a strong case to interpolate TI's figures on supply-side corruption. It was done to understand, where the corruption money went, where did it go in, and more importantly, who or what motivated it. Likewise, it is estimated that the narcotics economy from mainly developing countries reached anything between $650 billion to about $1.1 trillion per annum in 2010—figures collated from various sources-so, where did it enter the global financial network?
The question deserves being repeated.
Where does this money go, how does it get "cleaned up" and re-enter the system? Is it possible that the poorer developing countries can handle such heavy monetary flows out and back in? Are these born out of a variety of corrupt practices, on their own? Certainly not! To do this, they need the help of the global tax evasion and secrecy networks. This is how the countries find themselves as "cleanest least corrupt" on TI's list. It is almost as though TI's list of non-corrupt countries is a beacon for the supply side of corruption to synchronise with the demand side—the cleaner a country is in TI's list, the more likely it appears to be able to provide ample safe parking for the funds flowing out of corrupt countries. It is a bit confusing, at this juncture, so here's a simpler example on the street level, pithy, but relevant.
(From the Indian context of the recent anti-corruption movements, it is very important to understand this—all of us know that massive amounts of wealth, assets and money have been looted from India and parked somewhere abroad. But it is almost impossible to track this, and even more difficult to get it back. Grinning ministers, standing side-by-side claiming they have resolved internecine issues, do not get the looted assets back. It is like the old classic song about theft ...
But unless we understand the real issues, and stop believing everything the thieves themselves say, we will never reach the second half of the song which deals with recovery).
So for a moment, let us simplify matters. In a typical scenario, who is more corrupt, who is guiltier—a sex worker selling her body in Falkland Road, Mumbai, for whatever reason, or the customer who pays for it, for whatever reason too? Or is it the landlord, the pimp, the cops, or the system that makes it possible for this transaction to take place? Who is more corrupt? In a typical scenario, we have all been programmed to blame the bottom end of the food chain, and believe that the person selling her body, is corrupt, but we know that is not really correct. It is like calling a bottle of liquor evil. Consider Mary Magdalene, anybody, or Shabri of the berries!
(From the further interesting aspect of the traditional areas where prostitution is rampant in Central Mumbai, it is interesting to be aware that the landlords and tenants for some of the more famous buildings where are found the famous "cages" are the same landlords and tenants for some of the more famous hotels and other "heritage" properties in South and Central Mumbai. I will have more to say on that some day).
To understand the "demand side" of corruption, we have more recent research and findings by a group of international tax experts, media-persons and others. Tax secrecy and lack of co-operation with investigative agencies in cases of "supply side" corruption assets reaching their shores is most rampant. It is especially true in countries considered not corrupt by TI. To take this further, they evolved something called the "Financial Secrecy Index", which listed out on scientific empirical evidence a graded list of countries, where it was easiest to park stolen assets—to put it simply. And not just did these countries simply provide the facility for parking stolen assets—they actively and aggressively went about seeking these stolen assets, in most cases actively conniving with corrupt "supply side" countries and regimes worldwide. And then, to ensure that these stolen assets could not be tracked back, they made laws of their own which simply prevented any... transparency.
Here's more on the issue of financial secrecy and corruption, both demand and supply side, not just skewed against the developing world.
At its simplest, the list and ranking of the most corrupt countries from the "demand side" of corruption can be found here. It appears to be almost an inverted copy of TI's list.
The top-10 most corrupt countries, from the point of view of financial secrecy and lack of co-operation with investigations, in order worst to best, are USA, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Cayman Islands, UK, Ireland, Bermuda, Singapore, Belgium and Hong Kong,
As an ex-seafarer, this does not surprise me—we were exposed to the realities of geo-politics and international commerce at a very early age. However, most of us chose to ignore the realities, as we wandered through the other issues of life. When it is brought out in such a scientific manner, with facts as well as figures very vividly interspersed with episodes of known global corruption, it is a revelation to me. At the same time, I know it is true—international trade, banking and the payment processing industry teaches one a lot, as does the gaming industry and the preventive defence industry.
The issue of corruption in India does not start or finish with a lower level functionary taking a bribe. It does not start or finish with a multi-thousand crore scam either. If anything, that is not even a symptom of all that is wrong. The issue of corruption in India, as in other emerging countries, has more to deal with the larger thefts with assets being sent out, taking place in and around India, since around the time the Europeans came into the Indian Ocean economies. Before that, in what can be called the Islamic era of Indian Ocean economies, what was stolen from the people remained in India, and justly or unjustly—rotated around!
Yes, it wasn't perfect, but the Kohinoor moved around within the subcontinent.
But this huge change took place right after the Europeans came over, when their economies were floundering in the 18th century and "new worlds" were being "discovered." They realised that here were people, whose "leaders" were, unlike the Chinese and Japanese civilisations, willing to sell their souls and wealth, for symbols and secrecy. And one of the first things these invaders from across the oceans did, when they landed in Al-Hind was to convince us that we and our ways were inferior and corrupt.
A similar risk exists today. Can you see our friends at TI doing the same thing for their bidden masters even today? Right from the smallest smirk about anything "traditional" to convincing us that we are absolutely more corrupt than anybody else—it is all so brilliantly orchestrated. Can you see that?
I can. I said earlier on I live 300 metres away from TI's India offices at Lajpat Bhavan. I know people there, who have increasingly become unhappy about the way things are going. Lajpat Bhavan is a fairly large campus that I have been visiting, since I was a pre-teen schoolchild. As a coincidence, I know many of the gardeners, guards and safai karmacharis there. Much of our shopping for non-MNC products is done from there. Nothing much stays secret in Lajpat Bhavan.
My grandparents marched with Lala Lajpat Rai in undivided Punjab. There was always this self-belief and refusal to buy the European line for anything without questioning, something I learnt, at and in my grandmother's lap, which is being flouted by TI in India.
What TI does to try and destroy the truth and bring it out as though corruption is only supply side from India, is unforgiveable, anti-national, and demeaning to itself, as well as an insult to our intelligence. It would behove them better if they stop toeing whatever line they have been told to follow. We must look at corruption indexes from a more holistic and global perspective, both supply and demand side. And it would be really something if mainstream media this time around asked them to do so, too— instead of just swallowing everything like Macaulay's children.
Certainly, there is a lot that is wrong with things in India—but can we also have a 360 degree look at what is being done to India, in the context of the rest of the world, too?