Modi is the most targeted leader in the current times with his opponents ready to go to any extent to hurl invectives on him. However, he has admirers in equal measure in his party and outside
New Delhi: Narendra Modi, whose hat-trick in Gujarat could possibly pitchfork him as a prime ministerial candidate of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in 2014, has always remained a leader with a difference, a personality you may love or hate but cannot ignore, reports PTI.
The 62-year-old former pracharak of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) is no ordinary politician and has carved out a name for development in a state that has always nurtured talent and entrepreneurial skills.
But Modi has more share of controversies and is yet to live down the stigma over the post-Godhra violence that claimed lives of over 1,000 Muslims in March 2002 months after he had taken over as Chief Minister replacing Keshubhai Patel.
In a state considered the Sangh Parivar's Hindutva laboratory, the Chief Minister is accused of polarising the state on communal lines.
In fact, he is the most targeted leader in the current times with his opponents ready to go to any extent to hurl invectives on him.
However, he has admirers in equal measure in his party and outside. Modi made feeble attempts to woo the Muslims but the controversial BJP strongman has always projected an air of unconcern.
His critics say that Modi will always have to carry the taint of 2002 Gujarat riots after the Godhra train carnage for which he has consciously avoided expressing regret or offering any apology. In one recent interview, he had, however, said if he was guilty of involvement, he can be hanged.
Modi's admirers, on the other hand, hail him as "Hindu Hriday Samrat".
The situation is so polarised in Gujarat that Sonia Gandhi's remarks accusing Modi of being a "merchant of death" had created a huge controversy in the 2007 Assembly Polls.
The description is said to have cost the Congress dear that the party shied away from raking up the issue of post-Godhra riots altogether in the current elections.
After 11 long years as Gujarat Chief Minister and his third consecutive success at the hustings, Modi may have propelled himself as a strong contender as party's candidate for Prime Minister's post in the 2014 Lok Sabha polls.
"No need of looking behind ...FORWARD!...We want infinite energy, infinite courage, infinite patience..." Modi said on the microblogging site Twitter in the wake of trends that he was set to create a hat-trick.
It was interpreted in some circles as a subtle comment indicating his intention to be in the Prime Ministerial race.
In fact, he has created history by emerging as the first BJP Chief Minister to have third successive win at a time when the party is in dire need of a strong leader to get back to power at the Centre.
The election was different for Modi as it was for the first time that elderly Keshubhai, whom he had replaced as the Chief Minister in 2001, parted ways with the BJP and floated his Gujarat Parivartan Party to rid the state of an 'emergency like situation'.
Given the bitter parting of ways, the 2012 polls was the litmus test for Modi, who had consciously tried to build bridges with the minorities by holding Sadbhavana fasts all over the state.
At the same time, he did not give ticket to a single Muslim in a bid not to ruffle the feathers in the Hindutva camp.
Modi also had reached out to his core constituency by organising state-wide yatra by projecting Swamy Vivekananda as his ideal on his 150th birth anniversary.
In the wake of the 2002 riots, the then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee had reminded him of his "raj dharma", but LK Advani and the late Pramod Mahajan helped Modi to survive as the Chief Minister.
After that there was no looking back for the RSS pracharak who had moved to the BJP long back, first as organising secretary of the party in Gujarat and later an office-bearer at his headquarter in Delhi.
The measures contained in the Banking Amendment bill are expected to create more confidence among investors, depositors and the public in the banking system. But a lot more requires to be done in the area of improving corporate governance, better customer service, and more importantly freeing the public sector banks from the political interference and the dual control of banks by the finance ministry and the RBI
Now that the Banking Laws (Amendment) Bill has been passed by the Lok Sabha, it will easily go through the Rajya Sabha also as it has the approval of the main opposition party, the BJP after finance minister P Chidambaram dropped the controversial clause relating to allowing banks to trade in commodity futures and keeping the sector outside the purview of Competition Commission of India. When the bill becomes law, which is a formality now, what are its benefits to the ordinary banking public?
More powers to the Reserve Bank of India
The main purpose of this bill is to strengthen the hands of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) with powers to supersede the entire boards of the recalcitrant banks which fail to comply with the directions of RBI. At present the RBI has powers only to remove a director or officers of a banking company, but not the full board. This amendment gives powers to the RBI to supersede the entire board in public interest and appoint an administrator to run the bank for a period not exceeding 12 months.
The amendment also gives powers to the central bank to call for information and returns from the associate and group companies of the banking companies and to inspect them, if necessary. These powers will come handy if and when the RBI proposes to grant licenses to industrial houses for setting up new banks, which is on the anvil now. The bill also substantially increases the penalties and fines for some of the violations of the Banking Regulation Act and the rules framed there under. These powers are expected to create an environment for better compliance of regulations by banks, ultimately benefiting the banking public and the economy of the country.
The bill paves the way for new banking licenses
The central government has been persuading the RBI to issue new banking licenses for expanding the banking network, mainly for financial inclusion and expansion of banking facilities to unbanked areas in the country. The RBI has been insisting on getting the additional powers mentioned above, so as to ensure a healthy growth of the banking institutions. Now that the bill has been cleared, the RBI may consider permitting new banks to be set up in the private sector, which in turn will create more competition among banks in the country. More the competition, better it is for bank customers, as it will provide more choices to the banking public and might bring down bank charges to some extent. The RBI should, however, ensure that new banking licenses are given only to the deserving applicants, which have a record of total dedication to provide transparent, committed and superior customer service and not to fly-by-night operators, who wish to make quick money by floating a bank and then resort to all sorts of manipulations at the cost of the banking public.
The bill raises the voting rights in banks
At present there is a cap of 1% on voting rights to private investors in public sector banks. This in effect means that the private investors had no meaningful role to play in the functioning of the bank even as a shareholder. This cap is now proposed to be raised to 10%, paving the way for more investment in public sector banks by the foreign institutional investors, who have been sitting on the sidelines so far in respect of investing in these banks.
Similarly, there is a cap of 10% on voting rights to investors in private sector banks, which is now proposed to be raised to 26% through this bill. This in effect means that the promoters and their group can have voting powers up to 26%, which, in fact, is a double edged sword. On the one hand, it gives the promoters a better say in the management of the bank and coupled with the higher commitment of the promoters it could be a spring board for the faster growth of the bank. On the other hand, it can influence the decisions of the management, which may or may not be in the best interest of the bank and its other stakeholders. The RBI should, therefore, keep a close watch on the functioning of all private banks, so that these additional voting rights serve the interest of all stakeholders equitably.
The bill provides for issue of bonus shares by public sector banks
So far only private sector banks, particularly old generation banks have been giving away free shares to their shareholders as bonus shares, though all private sector banks are allowed to issue bonus shares according to the Companies Act, under which they are incorporated. But public sector banks, though holding huge reserves, have not issued any bonus shares so far. This is mainly because there were no provisions to issue bonus shares in the enactments through which they were nationalized. The present bill, therefore, provides for issue of bonus and rights shares, including splitting of shares into lower denomination, by the public sector banks, which is good news for banks’ shareholders.
The biggest bank in the country, State Bank of India (SBI) has the largest free reserves Rs83,280 crore against its paid up capital of Rs.671 crore. These huge reserves, nearly 125 times its paid up capital, are by far the largest reserves held by any bank in our country and if it decides to issue bonus shares, it will surely cheer the stock market, which has been giving a low valuation for all public sector banks on account of investor-unfriendly image of these banks. Now that the decks have been cleared for them to issue bonus shares, the government should encourage all those banks having substantial reserves to issue bonus shares to their shareholders, as the government will be the biggest beneficiary of such a move because of its majority holding in all the public sector banks. This step will also create a conducive environment for banks to raise fresh capital more easily from the market and thus help in meeting their capital adequacy requirements prescribed under Basel III norms.
Why are bank unions against this bill?
If these are the benefits of this Banking Amendment Bill to the banking public, why are bank unions against this bill?
The left parties had opposed the bill and voted against it in the Lok Sabha. The banks unions are also against this bill as they feel that these amendments will dilute the interest of the public sector banks. Besides, these amendments will facilitate corporate entry into banking, which they feel is not desirable, as the public money deposited in these banks can be misused for the benefit of few corporate bigwigs and not for the benefit of the general public. They are also opposed to the increase in voting rights to shareholders, as it may dilute the powers of the government in public sector banks. It is because of these reasons that they have threatened to go on a day’s strike on 20th December 2012.
Whether these apprehensions are justified or not, only time alone will tell, but these amendments have increased not only the powers of the RBI but also its responsibilities to ensure that the banking industry progresses on sound lines for the benefit of the economy and the people of this country.
In short, these measures contained in the bill, which will become law shortly, are expected to create more confidence among investors, depositors and the public in the banking system in our country. But a lot more requires to be done in the area of improving corporate governance, better customer service, transparency in banking operations and more importantly freeing the public sector banks from the political interference and the dual control of banks by the finance ministry and the RBI, as some times, they appear to be working at cross purposes to the detriment of the banks, which are the life line of the nation.
(The author is a banking professional writing for Moneylife under the pen-name ‘Gurpur’)
Issues surrounding improving domestic fuel supply, price pooling for imported coal and signing of FSAs remain a big overhang with no immediate resolution likely in the new orders position in the power sector, says Espirito Santo Securities in its Fundamental Insight report
A slew of reforms, for example, debt restructuring of SEBs (state electricity boards) and anticipation of revision in Power Purchase Agreements (PPA), have brought back expectation of a revival in the power sector. Espirito Santo Securities, in its Fundamental Insights report, thinks that these reforms would be able to address only the current set of problems (tariff hikes to reduce current SEB losses and revision in PPA for imported coal based UMPPs—ultra mega power projects). Though this gives a positive signal to investors, 80% fuel supply under the best case scenario leaves little incentive for the IPPs (independent power producers) to commit fresh investments. Reforms implemented for improvement in domestic coal production (faster environmental and forest clearance) and price pooling across the projects for imported coal, would also improve the situation only after a couple of years. The industry oversupply situation would also mean that every incremental order would be bid for aggressively; leading to downward trends for EBITDA margins and return ratios for the power equipment suppliers. Espirito Santo continues to maintain ‘Sell’ recommendation on the shares of BHEL, BGR Energy and Thermax.
Owing to the issues surrounding the sector, capital goods companies have witnessed a sharp reduction in their order intake. BHEL registered order intake of Rs82.8 billion in H1FY13, a contraction of 45% y-o-y (year-on-year). Order intake for Thermax remained flat (3% y-o-y contraction), while for BGR it grew only on account of NTPC bulk tender (Rs37 billion). Espirito Santo points out that there is significant stress in the system impacting order inflows and revenue visibility. As per Coal India (CIL), green clearances have held up 244 mines leaving CIL with no room to raise output. The company is awaiting expansion orders at several mines with about 80 million tonnes of coal reserves and in some of the mines it has exhausted the limits up to which the clearances are in place. The shortage in fuel is adding pressure and the sector has witnessed a rise in stalled and shelved projects.
According to Espirito Santo, the private sector has been at the forefront of thermal power capacity addition, contributing 60%-70% of new orders over CY09-11. However, owing to issues over domestic fuel supply, pricing of imported coal and high interest rates, contribution from the private sector has significantly come down. In CY12 YTD, new orders from the private sector (9GW) contributed 30% to the total order pipeline. Most of the projects in the pipeline are awaiting environmental clearance, land acquisition or are at the planning stage and it seems unlikely that the current pipeline will contribute to order inflow for FY13 in any meaningful way.
The government’s reform focus was the feature of the last quarter, causing a powerful rally in Indian equities. It has resulted in the expectation that the new project announcements in the power segment will pick up, thus providing some respite to a sector hit by a drought in new order inflows. However, on the ground realities continue to reflect a very negative scenario, where order inflow from the power segment continues to decline every quarter and with the reform process not oriented towards an improving fuel supply scenario, Espirito Santo thinks that the bottom is not yet in sight. New orders from the power segment have contracted sharply, with orders in H1FY13 contracting by 57% y-o-y. New orders for the quarter at Rs79 billion have also touched their lowest levels since 2005 and have contracted by 91% y-o-y.