UID/Aadhaar
Aadhaar Made Mandatory: CBSE school goes on an enrolment drive
The Supreme Court had ruled that Aadhaar could not be made mandatory for availing benefits under the various social security schemes. Following the order, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), also made it clear that providing Aadhaar number of students will be optional and not mandatory. However, some schools are not only forcing students to provide the UID number, but also arranging camps for enrolment of Aadhaar for those who do not have the UID number. 
 
In a circular issued on 10 September 2016, the CBSE has clarified that "Aadhaar number field provided in the system is optional (not mandatory)". However, few schools that run CBSE curriculum are insisting on furnishing Aadhaar number for students. One such school even organises an enrolment camp to issue Aadhaar to students and sent out a letter to parents. Here is the letter, sent out by one such school for compulsory enrolment of Aadhaar and shared by one parent...
 
 
Importantly, the school is found forcing Aadhaar enrolment upon students who are taking admission in primary classes as well. This raises another question: do the school authorities or even the government care that biometrics (a must for enrolling to Aadhaar), especially of children, are susceptible to change over years. It is a well-known fact that human body parts like fingerprint, iris, and voice age, wither and decay with the passage of time. Is there a biological material in the human body that constitutes biometric data, which is immortal, ageless and permanent?
 
Besides, working conditions, humidity, temperature and lighting conditions also affect the quality of biological material used for generating biometric data. Aadhaar is based on the unscientific and questionable assumption that there are parts of human body likes fingerprint, iris, and voice that does not age, wither and decay with the passage of time. A report “Biometric Recognition: Challenges and Opportunities” of the National Research Council, USA published on 24 September 2010 concluded that the current state of biometrics is ‘inherently fallible’. That is also one of the findings of a five-year study.
 
 
Coming back to enforcing Aadhaar on citizens, just few days ago, the Supreme Court caught the central government red-handed defying its order that no citizen will be deprived benefits under a government scheme for want of an Aadhaar number. A Bench of Justices Gopala V Gowda and AK Goel, while staying a letter issued by the Centre to states for making Aadhaar mandatory for scholarship schemes, directed the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology to discard Aadhaar as mandatory condition for student registration from its national scholarship portal. The Bench also stayed instructions insisting on Aadhaar from government advertisement for the scholarship schemes, says a report from The Hindu.
 
Last year, CBSE took a U-turn after announcing that students appearing for board exams had to compulsorily provide their Aadhaar number. It clarified that providing the UID number is optional for class 10 and class 12 students and also for students registering for class 9th and 11th, who will appear for board examination next year.
 
On 15 October 2015, the Constitution Bench of Supreme Court led by the then Chief Justice HL Dattu had ruled that no person shall be deprived of services such as Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MNREGA), Jan Dhan Yojana, pension and provident fund schemes for want of Aadhaar. The Bench even hinted that the government risked contempt of Court if it chooses to continue to make Aadhaar number a mandatory condition.
 
Earlier on 23 September 2013, a bench of Justice J Chelameswar, Justice SA Bobde and Justice C Nagappan, without going into concrete examples, had said: "In certain quarters, Aadhaar are being insisted on by various authorities."
 
"...no person should suffer for not getting the Aadhaar in spite of the fact that some authorities had issued a circular making it mandatory and when any person applies to get the Aadhaar voluntarily, it may be checked whether that person is entitled for it under the law and it should not be given to any illegal immigrant," the apex court had said in its order. 

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COMMENTS

Pranali Sharma

5 days ago

Aadhaar card is essentially an identification document issued by the government of india after it records and verifies every resident Indian citizen’s , Aadhaar is a 12-digit unique identification number issued to Indian citizens by the Central government. It is issued and managed by the Unique Identification Authority of India.

Click here to know how to apply for aadhar card online.

Sivakumar Songappan

8 months ago

I could not understand the basic reason behind this propaganda against Adhar. If it is becoming easy to obtain and made mandatory, what is the problem for an ordinary citizen to comply with it. I'd people opposing because they do not want to forgo the unanimity coming along with the non availability of unified identity.

Mandar Kulkarni

8 months ago

Thanks court from preventing authorities from making the Aadhaar mandatory. Widespread and nationwide debate is required on pros and cons of this UID system. Do we really need this? Better we scrap this immediately without wasting any further money of common taxpayers.

MG Warrier

8 months ago

Looks, clarity is still missing, about Aadhaar and KYC (Know Your Customer). While there is need to enforce requirement to produce documents proving identiry and address proof, the insistance on any particular document for the purpose causes avoidable inconveniences. If Aadhaar is to be mandatory, issue of Aadhaar should be made the responsibility of the authority issuing Aadhaar. Till Aadhaar is issued, other documents in lieu should continue to provide the evidence Aadhaar is expected to provide.

Accomplished virtual merger of Reliance Communications, Jio: Anil Ambani
Reliance Communications Chairman Anil Ambani on Tuesday said the company had all the spectrum that is needed to offer good-quality telecom services across 2G, 3G and 4G space, and that a virtual merger with Reliance Jio had now been effected.
 
"The other telco companies will have to spend heavily on spectrum to survive. We are confident about the future of Reliance Communications and its market position," Ambani told the shareholders of the company here.
 
"We have all the spectrum we need for 2G, 3G and 4G services plus spectrum trading and sharing agreements with Reliance Jio," he said, adding: "We have accomplished a virtual merger between Reliance Communications and Reliance Jio."
 
The company chairman said that after the merger with Aircel, the combined entity will be among the top operators in 12 circles in India. He said that within 90 days of launch, the subscriber base of the company's 4G services had already crossed the 1 million customer-mark using over 1 GB data.
 
He also expressed confidence that the company's debt will be cut by 75 per cent within a year.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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COMMENTS

Arthur James

8 months ago

Wonderful , practical and down to earth .

Arthur James

8 months ago

Wonderful , practical and down to earth .

Arthur James

8 months ago

Wonderful , practical and down to earth .

Arthur James

8 months ago

Wonderful , practical and down to earth .

Arthur James

8 months ago

Wonderful , practical and down to earth .

Arthur James

8 months ago

Wonderful , practical and down to earth .

Shashank Chowdhury

8 months ago

Agree that Aadhaar is not mandated to be mandatory. However, if an institution is contributing by way of registration of children it would only help. The observation that minors are being asked to get registered while the biometric profile is likely to undergo change is not acceptable. There is a clear process of upgrading the biometric profile in the Aadhaar Workflow. That takes care of it. In fact, new-born babies can also be registered and their biometric profile can be updated as they grow.

However, there are other reasons for Aadhaar to be not mandatory which I can elaborate in an article in your magazine. Please do let me know.

REPLY

MDT

In Reply to Shashank Chowdhury 8 months ago

Basic question is... who will bear the cost of regular updating biometrics. Also the current verification (if at all present anywhere) are based on single fingerprint. In this scenario, why collect 10 fingerprints and iris scans? And who has verified the data being collected by registrars?

Record satellite launches in 2016, foreign craft dominate
The Indian space programme launched 10 satellites in 2016, three times more than the preceding year and the most ever, according to Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) data.
 
The September 26, 2016, launch of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV)-C35 set two records: It was the longest satellite-launch mission yet, two hours, having completed its previous mission in just under 30 minutes on June 22, 2016 (another benchmark occasion with the launching of 20 satellites in one go); and the rocket released eight satellites -- five foreign and three Indian -- into two orbits, something ISRO has not done before.
 
No more than 38% of satellites launched over the last 10 years have been Indian. Over this period, ISRO has had 34 launches, successfully sending up 121 satellites, 75 of them foreign: 18 (24%) were from US, 11 (15%) Canadian, 8 (11%) each from Singapore and Germany and 6 (8% ) from the UK.
 
However, in terms of weight, the Indian satellites that ISRO has launched were 10 times heavier, by kg, than foreign satellites carried aloft by PSLV and other launch vehicles over the last decade.
 
Although foreign satellites (one US, one Canadian, and three Algerian) outnumbered domestic launches on Monday, according to the ISRO list of foreign satellites launched, Indian spacecraft occupied most of the 1,750-kg capacity of the PSLV, which completed its 36th successive, successful launch.
 
Up to 16% of the PSLV's capacity was occupied by small satellites from foreign nations, who bought space on the Indian launcher. Deals are arranged by Antrix, the commercial arm of the Department of Space, and these are becoming more profitable by the year.
 
India earned 205% greater revenue in financial year 2014-15 (Rs 415.4 crore/ $62.3 million) than the previous year (Rs 136 crore/$20.4 million) and 704% more than in 2013 (Rs 51.3 crore/$7.7 million) for satellite-launch services.
 
On Monday's launch, the combined weight of the five foreign craft was 279 kg, the heaviest being the ALSAT-2B (117 kg), which is an Earth observation satellite meant to help Algeria with the management of natural disasters and land planning, among other things.
 
The combined weight of the three Indian craft was 386 kg. The Indian SCATSCAT-1 alone weighs 371 kg. The SCATSCAT-1 is a government-owned craft intended to observe the earth, aiding weather forecasts among other things. It will operate for five years. 
 
The other two weighed only 15 kg combined, and were from Indian Universities. The PRATHAM (10 kg) is from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay, and the PISAT (5 kg) is from PES University in Bengaluru. They are both conducting scientific experiments of their own.
 
If a satellite is heavier, assuming it is efficiently built, it is because of multiple payloads, indicating a greater amount of equipment to measure things more accurately or to measure different things. Consider the seven IRNSS spacecraft (1A-1G), all of which featured a separate payload for navigation and ranging. Each IRNSS weighed 1,425 kg, or 84 per cent of the PSLV's capacity.
 
The heaviest foreign satellite ever launched by ISRO was 400 kg, an Earth observation satellite from Singapore on December 16, 2015. Only 20% of Indian Earth observation crafts weighed less than that, and most weigh well over 1,000 kg.
 
India will benefit from the scientific experience of launching heavier craft, but it has also been suggested -- by the BBC here -- that foreign investors want Indian PSLV craft to take their heavy payloads instead, and that the commercial future of India's space project could lie in that direction.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

 

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