UID/Aadhaar
Aadhaar blunders: Now, Home Ministry too is worried
The Ministry has said that uniqueness of identity is not a necessary condition to ensure authenticity of identity or genuineness of other entries or records of Aadhaar number. It has also raised concerns on involvement of foreign vendors of UIDAI
 
The union ministry of home affairs (MHA) has raises several concerns on using Aadhaar, the so-called unique number (UID) promoted by Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), and being forced down by successive governments. Especially, the MHA, while commenting on Department of Telecom (DoT)'s proposal to use Aadhaar for online verification has said, the supporting data in the UID may not be authentic or genuine.

"Aadhaar is strong on ensuring unique identity. However, uniqueness of identity is not a necessary condition to ensure authenticity of identity or genuineness of other entries or records of Aadhaar number," the MHA said.

The ministry has written to the DoT sharing its view on accepting Aadhaar as valid proof of address for e-know your customers (KYC) programme. The DoT is working on proof of concept (e-KYC) to use Aadhaar number for online verification of people seeking mobile connections along with existing process of customer verification.

The Home Ministry has raised concerns over supporting documents submitted by people as proof of identity and proof of address for getting Aadhaar number.

However, it looks like, similar to previous government, the incumbent National Democratic Alliance (NDA) regime is gung-ho about forcing Aadhaar on Indian citizens.
 
Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the Finance Ministry as well as Reserve Bank of India (RBI) are either not aware about the serious concerns related with Aadhaar or simply turning a blind eye. In fact, all banks were mandated to open crores of bank accounts by accepting Aadhaar as 'all-in-one' KYC document.
 
Moneylife Columnist Dr Anupam Saraph, who designed and implemented identity schemes for government and private organisations, had clearly mentioned in his article that even if Aadhaar numbers were proof of identity, which it is not, its use to make money transfers make financial transfers un-auditable, propagate money laundering and financial fraud. There is no justification for introducing an unverified and un-audited number to allow payments and settlements. (Read: How Aadhaar linkage can destroy banks
 
"When the Aadhaar number is merely a 12-digit number assigned to demographic and biometric data submitted by private parties; it cannot be a proof of identity, address or even existence. There has been no verification or audit of the Aadhaar database and therefore it is very conceivable that, as was the case of Satyam, huge number of non-existent persons is assigned an Aadhaar number. There is no basis to regard any bank accounts linked to an Aadhaar number as belonging to genuine or even existing individuals," Dr Saraph has said.
 
In addition, the union government is asking its employees to use biometric attendance system, based on Aadhaar. It must be noted, that several organisations, including government and private use fingerprint-based biometric attendance system for a small group of employees. Many private companies prefer using card swiping or online login for recording attendance. Therefore linking UIDAI and Aadhaar to employee attendance is beyond explanation. Why would the government force employees to use Aadhaar-based attendance system?
 
In addition, there are two issues involved in the biometric attendance system that is being implemented to show online if the employee is present for the day or not. One is installation of biometric terminals and second network connectivity. Both are being purchased from taxpayers’ money. Moreover, this attendance system is time consuming as it takes more than a minute to record the attendance of one employee. So, the more employee in an organisation, more terminals would be needed to be purchased at taxpayers’ expense. Even if the online attendance system shows a particular employee's presence in the office, there is no guarantee that he would be on his seat during all the time. So how will it benefit the common citizen? 
 
Coming back to the UID and concerns raised by MHA, Aadhaar can be also issued to foreign nationals staying in the country. This also has been questioned by the Home Ministry as nationals of neighbouring country may attempt to use it to procure Indian identity documents for infiltrating their agents. 
 
The Home Ministry has said that unlike Aadhaar, other acceptable proof of address documents such as passport, driving licence do not have the status of universality and therefore "even higher levels of error in these documents may not translate into comparable volume of security concerns".
 
It said that Intelligence Bureau is neither aware of back-end systems, e-processing and e-auditing existing in Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), which issues Aadhaar, nor knows how data is transmitted between units of UIDAI and how data are stored. 
 
The Home Ministry has also raised a concern on involvement of foreign vendors by UIDAI for storing data and has suggested audit of data security. 
 
Moneylife has been raising this and several other concerns since long. (Read: UIDAI's not-so-'clean' partners and their tainted executives). UIDAI had selected three consortia - Accenture, Mahindra Satyam-Morpho and L1 Identity Solutions - to implement the core biometric identification system for the Aadhaar programme. According to an IT expert, L-1 and NADRA, the Pakistan unique identity agency, appear to have been created on the same business model. "Staffed strongly by persons with intelligence (quasi-military) links, the major goals of both agencies are to do business with their respective governments, and they succeed to the extent that they have virtually no competition. And this is the company UIDAI has welcomed into India," the expert had said.
 
According to sources, the introducer system provision, under which people not having supporting documents as ID and address proof can also get Aadhaar number if he is introduced by a person owning a Aadhaar number, has been questioned by the Home Ministry.
 
The Supreme Court of India has several pending public interest litigations (PILs) on Aadhaar linkages and it would prudent to have a special court to issue a stay on all Aadhaar linkages till the cases are heard and at the same time hear the PILs expeditiously given the extent of financial ruin that Aadhaar can bring to India.
 
As far as the issuing of IDs to residents or citizens of any country is concerned, here is what Mark Lerner, from the Constitutional Alliance and author of the book 'Your Body is Your ID', had said...
 
"Sarcasm alert - the final titbit of information comes from the International Biometrics Agency. For all of you that keep talking about a New World Order or a One World Government, please stop such ridiculous rumours. Julian Ashbourn speaking as the Chairman of the International Biometrics Agency set our minds to rest when he said the following: 
 
"What information do governments share? With whom is my data shared, and why? All of these questions need to be addressed by an agency with global powers. An agency with global powers? Perhaps I am naive, but I always believed we live in a sovereign country. You may have heard of our country, The United States of China. No, that is not right, The United States of Britain. I will get it right; the United States of France. This country thing is really getting hard to remember. We have the surveillance cameras like Britain; we use facial recognition like China to identify dissidents and we sell L-1 to a French company. Thank goodness for my granddaughter, she just reminded me of what Congress and others have forgotten, this is the United States of America," Mr Lerner said. (Read original posting from Mr Lerner here ).

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COMMENTS

Joseph Korah

2 years ago

Unfortunately we have come across several cases of individuals being issued more than one Aadhar Card. This shows that the system is not foolproof and hence cannot be relied upon. Unless we can ensure that we have a foolproof system in place there is bound to be problems at a later stage.

LALIT SHAH

2 years ago

Some multinational MLM have huge purchasing power.Thay have infuance on any Government thay can buy morality of any SARKAR SHRI BY HUKE OR CUKE.MOST MLM MULTINATIONAL HAVE MADE HUGE MONEY FROM INDIA LIKE COCA COLA PEPSICO OTHER FOODS COMPANY HAVE MADE BILLIONS OF THAN THERE SEED CAPITAL

PRAKASH D N

2 years ago

Recently I had gone to register my name for getting Aadhar Card. The application duly filled up along with copies of documents prescribed were submiited. I had taken the original documents anticipating that the people who are verifying it may call for the same. I am surprised to see that neither they asked for the original nor they scrutinized the copies. It is mere ensuring that the rule is complied in letter but not in spirit. The xerox copies / introduction through another Aadhar Card holder runs the risk of issuing bogus Aadhar Cards, as Xerox copies could be manipulated. There is a need to make the system fool proof so that the citizens need not have too many cards.

MHA should ensure that the identity of the card holder is established and and there is no duplication.

Instead of meeting the qualitative targets, the Govt. should ensure quality of data so that Aadhar becomes an all purpose identity -cum-address proof anywhere in the country.

D N. PRAKASH

Mukesh kamath

2 years ago

Home ministry kya janta ka accurate address le ke achar dalegi... kahin na kahin sad rahe honge log.

Minoo Mody

2 years ago

I REGARD YOUR JOURNAL AS ONE OF THE FEW WHICH EXPRESSES ORIGINAL VIEW POINTS ON A VARIETY OF SUBJECTS. I AM, THEREFORE, TRULY DISAPPOINTED AT THE SUSTAINED CAMPAIGN YOU HAVE CARRIED OUT AGAINST AADHAAR. I THINK IT IS A UNIQUE ACHIEVEMENT TO COVER MORE THEN HALF OF THE COUNTRY'S POPULATION IN SUCH A SHORT TIME FRAME. ONE OF THE FEW ACHIEVEMENTS OF GOI IN RECENT YEARS. YOU ARE SUCCUMBING TO INTERNAL JEALOUSIES AGAINST NANDAN NILEKANI, WHO HAS DONE AN ENORMOUS ADMINISTRATIVE BREAK THROUGH. IF THERE ARE DEFICIENCIES THEY NEED TO BE ADDRESSED. BUT THERE IS NO NEED TO BRING DOWN THE WHOLE EDIFICE.

REPLY

MDT

In Reply to Minoo Mody 2 years ago

Thanks for your comment.
Moneylife is just a medium that brings out facts, sans any personal feelings as you mentioned. In addition, would you also measure the Supreme Court, the Parliament and High Court on the same scale, who time and again had given verdicts, opinion against Aadhaar? Remember, the Parliament still has not passed any law to authorize UIDAI to collect biometrics of Indian citizens. But then Aadhaar is meant for residents (!) only, as per UIDAI!

MAHENDRA

2 years ago

Any Big Scheme of UPA People will find Haphazard designs of Blunder games.

No transparency but Loot+Popularity is central Backbone as People realize and Note..

Narendra Doshi

2 years ago

Dear MDT,
Wish you success soon in this too long a fight?
Why does logic not go in minds of even a few relevant authorities?
It has mostly been a one sided battle.
Good luck.

SuchindranathAiyerS

2 years ago

I remember, too well, a news report that alleged that the entire data had been sold for use to a French company:

147 police officers out of 150 transferred by using special powers!

The Congress-NCP government in Maharashtra transferred 150 police officers in 2014. Out of this 147 were transferred by the chief minister and home minister using powers that were meant to be used under exceptional circumstances

 

The Maharashtra government led by Congress and Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) transferred 147 transferred officer above the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police using power that were meant to be used under exceptional circumstances.

 

According to a reply received by Right to Information (RTI) activist and former central information commissioner Shailesh Gandhi, during 2014, the state government transferred 150 police officers, out of which 147 were transferred as exception.

 

The Maharashtra Transfers and Delays Act 21 of 2006 mandates a tenure of three years for all government officers. However, the Congress-NCP government issued an amendment to the Maharashtra Police Act through an ordinance. By section 22 N, the ordinance specified a tenure of two years for police officers and gave powers to chief minister and home minister to violate this norm under exceptional circumstances.

 

Mr Gandhi said, "They (the Congress-NCP government) must have been in political slumber and naive not to realise they were going to present more power to their political opponents. Money in the transfer business must have been fairly lucrative. The government did not follow any of the laws. A lawless government!"

 

In his RTI application, the former central information commissioner had asked description of following...

 

1) I want information regarding total number of transfers of various ranks of police officers from PSI upwards.

2) I want information regarding total number of transfers of various ranks of police officers from PSI upwards who have been transferred under Section 22 N (2) (a) and Section 22 N (2) (b).

 

Here is the reply he received...

 

Police Transfers

User

Reliance Jio is potent but distance threat for telcos, says Edelweiss

Although, investors continue to be jittery, perceiving the anticipated launch by R-Jio as disruptive, Edelweiss said the RIL unit is unlikely to make profits till FY19. In addition, established players like Bharti Airtel and Idea Cellular are not constrained by resources and can counter any unrealistic offering by R-Jio 

 

The telecom sector in India is at a crossroads. It is facing tailwinds like waning competition, improved pricing power, data uptick and more accommodative policies on one hand and headwinds in the form of Reliance Jio's (R-Jio) entry on the other hand. "Though investors are jittery about R-Jio’s big bang launch, we firmly believe that sound operational performance will be the wind beneath stocks’ flight in the near term," says Edelweiss Securities Ltd in a research note.

 

Although, investors continue to be jittery, perceiving the anticipated launch by R-Jio as disruptive, Edelweiss said that in the near to medium term, the sector will be buoyed by tailwinds delivering better-than-expected realisations and higher volume surge (voice and data) which will counter headwinds from either the regulator or competitors.

 

Without doubt, R-Jio will be a scale player given the technology investments further bolstered by balance sheet might and robust execution record of its parent, Reliance Industries Ltd. "However, we believe, it will gain scale gradually post-launch (expected by August 2015). Even in a best case scenario, R-Jio is unlikely to make profits till FY19. Also, more established players like Bharti Airtel and Idea Cellular are in no way resource constrained and are fighting fit to counter any unrealistic offerings," the report added.

 

According to Edelweiss, limited competition and price discipline would ring in benefits for telecom companies over the next few years. Post 2012 auctions, the competitive landscape has narrowed dramatically with only about 5 operators per circle versus around 11 earlier. This proved a boon for the industry, enabling operators to regain their pricing mojo. Further, in order to help the sector stand on its feet the new government is likely to adopt a more accommodative stance.

 

"Moreover, we expect the industry to adopt a disciplined approach, unlike the earlier price hike regime wherein discounts and promotions had wreaked havoc. Thus, higher tariffs will boost cash flows and reduce net debt of companies. In case of Bharti and Idea we estimate cash flows of Rs64,700 crore and Rs16,700 crore, respectively, over FY15-20," the report added.

 

According to Edelweiss, limited competition and price discipline would ring in benefits for telecom companies over the next few years. Post 2012 auctions, the competitive landscape has narrowed dramatically with only about 5 operators per circle versus around 11 earlier. This proved a boon for the industry, enabling operators to regain their pricing mojo. Further, in order to help the sector stand on its feet the new government is likely to adopt a more accommodative stance.

 

"Moreover, we expect the industry to adopt a disciplined approach, unlike the earlier price hike regime wherein discounts and promotions had wreaked havoc. Thus, higher tariffs will boost cash flows and reduce net debt of companies. In case of Bharti and Idea we estimate cash flows of Rs64,700 crore and Rs16,700 crore, respectively, over FY15-20," the report added.

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