Kripa Foundation helps people afflicted with chemical dependency and HIV infection to get back on their feet
In 1981, when awareness about alcoholism and drug addiction being akin to a disease was very low, an alcoholic came to Fr Joseph Pereira for help. Fr Pereira, with a doctor, started Kripa Foundation to rehabilitate those afflicted with chemical dependency and HIV.
Kripa adopted a two-pronged approach—rehabilitation of people with a substance abuse disorder by a residential rehab facility; and a community rehab facility for the underprivileged who cannot afford residential rehab. The other approach is preventive; “it includes awareness programmes in schools and colleges because they are high-risk groups,” says Krishna Iyer, development manager, Kripa Foundation.
Kripa looks for complete rehabilitation. Over 95% of the counsellors are recovering addicts, trained to help others. This group is backed by paramedics, medical staff, psychologists, physiatrics and social workers. It also conducts in-house training for counsellors to update their knowledge for treatment of addiction.
The entity also has a corporate assistance programme where employees struggling with substance abuse and addiction get help. Substance abusers are prone to relapses. Kripa tries to work with other NGOs to create support for those who want complete rehabilitation.
Ms Iyer says, “We are associating with the Tata group for a major training convention centre which will look at in-house training for Kripa’s staff. We’ll develop courses for professionals interested in specialising in the field of addiction counselling.”
When a person seeks admission to a recovery programme, Kripa uses global screening tools and customises programmes. It has a three-month programme called ‘Kripa model of treatment’ where therapeutic treatment is used—including yoga practices and meditation techniques (developed by the BKS Iyengar Institute, Pune), individual counselling and family counselling for people undergoing rehab. Residential treatment takes 90 days to enable a lifestyle change. The programme costs Rs19,500 (including boarding and lodging). Kripa also offers different kinds of accommodation—from a simple dormitory to air-conditioned and special rooms, depending on the availability of these facilities and what the patient can afford. The treatment remains the same for all. Counselling and OPD (out-patient department) facilities at Kripa are free.
Patients who come back after a relapse are also put through a ‘relapse prevention programme’ which tries to identify the causes that led to the relapse, to ensure that it doesn’t happen again.
“In spite of growing awareness (about substance abuse), there is an increase in the number of patients coming with additional problems,” says Ms Iyer. The major reason for this is increased stress at work, in the education system, disintegration of family units as well as hereditary addiction (due to genetic causes). A community-based rehab programme in Dharavi (north-west Mumbai) is conducted for people who cannot pay, and live on the streets. “We look at having a day & night care shelter for such people so that they have a place to stay,” says Ms Iyer. There are vocational courses for their economic rehab even as psychiatrists, counsellors and doctors attend to their medical needs.
Kripa also works closely with the government and is affiliated with the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. It assists the government in implementing prevention & treatment programmes, along with data collection required at the national level. It also works with the AIDS control society and the Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB) at the zonal level. Many people caught during rave parties by the Anti-Narcotics Department and the NCB are referred to Kripa for rehabilitation after the raids. Over 2,700 people come to Kripa to its 19 centres in 11 states every year—and it has treated nearly 29,700 people since inception.
81/A, Chapel Road,
Mt Carmel Church,
Behind Lilavati Hospital,
Mumbai 400 050
Tel: 022 2640 5411
SEBI argued that merely the compliance of shareholding norms, but also, suitability of the stock exchange that needs to be carefully considered for granting permission for any stock exchange to start new services
Continuing with the MCX-SX versus SEBI case for the third day today, the Bombay High Court is virtually helpless as it cannot direct the Securities and Exchange Board (SEBI) to grant permission to Multi Commodity Exchange (MCX) to commence other services.
SEBI argued that merely the compliance of shareholding norms, but also, suitability of the stock exchange that needs to be carefully considered for granting permission for any stock exchange to start new services.
SEBI on Wednesday alleged that MCX-SX had concealed some facts while diluting its equity stake under the ‘capital reduction-cum-arrangement. Additional solicitor general Darius Khambata, who appeared on behalf of sebi brought on record that MCX-SX promoter Jignesh Shah and his wife were controlling a company called ‘Lafin’, which in turn holds 26% stake in financial technologies, also promoted by Mr Shah.
Currently, there are no guidelines for entities providing analytical services in India except for disclosure of holding in a client company and they are not supposed to trade in the securities of the company whose report they are preparing, for 30 days from preparation of such report
New Delhi: With an aim to shielding investors from vested interests and potential corporate scams, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has proposed to frame a strict set of rules for research analysts and wants an independent oversight body for auditors, reports PTI.
At the same time, the market watchdog is planning to prescribe a fresh set of guidelines for dealing with conflict of interest of associated persons in the market. It would also set up a separate unit for monitoring ‘Systemically Important Financial Institutions’ or very-large market entities.
The steps are being taken to comply with fresh guidelines issued by the International Organisation of Securities Commissions (IOSCO), a global body of market regulators.
The proposed steps were discussed at SEBI’s last board meeting, where approval was sought to take necessary regulatory actions in this regard.
Regarding auditors, SEBI said that it would write to the government of India pointing out gaps in the regulations for auditors and suggest possible solutions.
SEBI will request the government to consider a separate oversight authority for auditors, which is independent of audit profession.
The market regulator will put in place a proper mechanism “for enforcing compliance with auditing standards by the auditors of listed companies.”
Currently, the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) regulates accounting and auditing professions. ICAI is a licensing-cum-regulating body of the audit and accounting profession in India.
With regard to research analysts, SEBI said that there was a need for an ‘exclusive and comprehensive regulation’ for regulating the research analysts in Indian markets.
Currently, there is no regulatory framework for entities providing analytical services in India except for disclosure of holding in a client company and they are not supposed to trade in the securities of the company whose report they are preparing, for 30 days from preparation of such report.
Among other proposed steps, SEBI plans to set up a ‘Systemic Stability Unit’ to assess systemic risks emanating from the market for the overall economy.
The Unit will also help SEBI offer assistance and inputs to Financial Sector Development Council (FSDC) in monitoring Systemic Risks in respect of the market and monitoring of Systemically Important Financial Institutions under the jurisdiction of SEBI.
Besides, SEBI will also set up an inter-departmental regulations review committee to review gaps, to meet relevant global standards, deal with over regulation, repeal unnecessary regulations, update outdated regulations, simplify procedures and undertake assessment of overall costs to stakeholders.
In order to have a framework to deal with conflicts of interests by all market participants, associated persons, investment vehicles, collective capital pools, institutional investors, stock exchanges etc, SEBI will prescribe “Guidelines For Dealing With Conflicts of Interest in Securities Market.”
These guidelines would focus on active involvement of senior management of market participants, adoption of clear and concise policies, adequate disclosures, information barriers, effective procedures, remuneration, maintaining record of activities and specific prohibitions.