Leisure, Lifestyle & Wellness
3D-printed vertebrae helps Indian woman walk again
Offering hope for those suffering from spine-related problems, surgeons at a leading hospital here on Wednesday announced they have successfully implanted for the first time a 3D-printed vertebrae in a 32-year-old woman, helping her walk again after a bout of disabling spinal tuberculosis.
 
The team of surgeons from Medanta-The Medicity, Gurugram, replaced the damaged vertebrae with a 3D-printed titanium vertebrae to bridge the gap between the first and fourth cervical vertebrae.
 
"Given the complexity of this case, the use of 3D-printing technology has helped us in bringing a successful outcome. The patient today on 12 post-operative days is now walking with minimal support, all her pain has gone, her voice and dysphasia has recovered completely and, most importantly, her life was saved by this technique," Dr V Anand Naik, Senior Consultant (Spine Surgery), Bone & Joint Institute at Medanta who led the team of surgeons, told IANS.
 
The 10-hour-long surgery is the first-of-its-kind for reconstruction with 3D-printed vertebrae in India and third in the world, following similar surgeries that were conducted in China and Australia for different parts of the spine.
 
"This is the first such surgery in India and probably third in the world by using 3D-printing technology. These techniques have opened a new avenue wherein any type of complex reconstruction can be done in the spine with less collateral damages," Dr Naik added.
 
A teacher by profession, the woman was battling infertility and she suffered tuberculosis (TB) due to high intake of steroid which lowered her immunity to a level where the patient developed TB at 10 different vertebrae in the spine. 
 
The first, second and third cervical vertebrae were severely damaged up to an extent that there was no skeletal support available between the skull and the lower cervical spine -- a disconnect between the skull and lower part of the spine.
 
As a result, the head of the patient was sliding forward and curved in such a way that it was causing obstruction to the spinal cord.
 
It resulted in progressive weakness in all the limbs and increased the risk of quadriplegia, a condition linked to compression of the respiratory nerves that could lead to death.
 
The team of surgeons at Medanta used an intricate computer software to plan every detail of the operation. 
 
The titanium cage was customised according to the patient's original spine. 
 
The high-resolution CT and MRI scans of the patient spine were uploaded on the software and a dummy of the patient's spine was 3D printed to measure the gaps and surgical resection between the first and the fourth cervical vertebrae. 
 
Finally, the three-dimensional titanium implant was printed, which was to be placed in the body. 
 
The printed 3D titanium vertebrae were further tested for biomechanics and stress risers after receiving inputs from design teams in India, Sweden and the US, Medanta said.
 
The patient is now recovering fast with the newly-reconstructed cervical vertebrae, according to the doctors. 
 
"We are extremely happy with the results as the patient is gradually moving back to normalcy," said S.K.S. Marya, Chairman, Institute of Bone & Joint at Medanta.
 
The patient is expected to lead an independent risk-free life in about two weeks, according to the doctors.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.
  

 

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Aequs setting up Rs500 cr aerospace facility in Goa
Leading aerospace precision engineering firm Aequs would invest Rs500 crore to set up a dedicated manufacturing facility at Tuem in Goa for the Indian defence sector, said a top company official here on Thursday.
 
"Our new facility will make high-end components and systems for the Indian defence industry and support the government's 'Make in India' initiative," said Aequs Chief Executive Officer Aravind Melligeri at the Aero India 2017 expo here.
 
As a tier-1 supplier of aerospace components to Indian and global majors, Aequs has a $100 million (Rs.667 crore) machining facility in its 250-acre Special Economic Zone (SEZ) at Belagavi, about 500 km away from here.
 
The Belagavi facility makes titanium machined parts for the A-320 new engine programme of the global aerospace major Airbus SAS.
 
The new facility will be built by February 2019 in Goa's industrial cluster, about 30 km from Panaji, where the Goa government has given the company 50 acres of land on lease at a minimum cost.
 
"The facility will have multi-capability with CNC (Computer Numeric Control) machines and new age technology to design and make precision components for the Indian defence firms," Melligeri told IANS.
 
The company plans to hire about 2,000 engineers for the facility and hopes to get technology transfers from global aerospace majors.
 
"We will also support the government's 'Skill India' initiative to enhance the skills of our engineers in precision manufacturing and new-age technologies," noted Melligeri.
 
As the Indian defence sector is import-dependent for products and technologies, the new facility is aimed at increasing the local content and minimising imports.
 
"The company's new facility will provide impetus to our defence sector and promote the government's 'Make in India' programme," said IT Secretary and Director Ameya Abhyankar on the occasion.
 
Foraying into defence manufacturing in 2013, the eight-year-old company has been working with the state-run Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) on machined structural parts for its various platforms, including the Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas, Sukhoi-30MKI fighter and Advance Light Helicopter (ALH).
 
"Our Goa facility will manufacture high-end aerospace and defence equipment to reduce import costs and add in-country value to the sector," added Melligeri.
 
The company's SEZ unit at Belagavi has facilities for fabrication, machining, treatment, assemblies and warehousing for production value chain.
 
Besides Airbus, the company's global customers include UTAS, Bosch, Eaton, Baker Hughes and Halliburton, among others.
 
The company is showcasing its products and technologies at the 11th edition of the five-day biennial expo at the Yelahanka base of the Indian Air Force (IAF).
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

 

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Nifty, Sensex in a sideways mode – Thursday closing report
We had mentioned in Wednesday’s closing report that Nifty, Sensex were turning weak. The major indices of the Indian stock markets rallied on Thursday and closed 0.50%-0.60% lower than Wednesday’s close. The trends of the major indices in the course of Thursday’s trading are given in the table below:
 
 
Broadly positive global indices and value buying, lifted the Indian equities markets on Thursday. The key domestic indices closed with gains of more than half a per cent each, as buying was witnessed in healthcare, automobile, and metal stocks. The BSE market breadth was in favour of the bulls -- with 1,807 advances and 992 declines.  On the NSE, there were 1,154 advances, 480 declines and 86 unchanged.
 
With the Union Cabinet granting approval to the merger into the State Bank of India (SBI) of its five associate banks, the public lender on Thursday said the combined entity would have lower management costs resulting in savings on operating costs. "Once merger is complete, we will be in a position to save costs of these associate banks, because the structure of the five head offices will fold into one corporate office of the SBI. The zonal offices will also get integrated into our operations," SBI Managing Director DK Khara told BTVi in an interview. "Lesser management costs of these offices will get reflected in saving operating costs of banks. CASA (Current Account, Savings Account) will go up. Lots of cost efficiency and capital efficiency will come into play. It will save costs for banks, which will save resource cost and prove advantageous," Khara said. He said that though there are no plans to shut down branches, rationalisation of branches would take place -- meaning dedicated branches for small and medium entreprise (SME) lending, servicing high net worth individuals (HNIs), among others. "It will create much more value for customers," he added. The merged entity with the one-fourth of the market share would have a balance sheet of about Rs40 lakh crore, 23,000 physical branches and 22,000 ATMs, Khara said. Post-merger, a shareholder will get 28 shares of SBI for every 10 shares of State Bank of Bikaner and Jaipur (SBBJ). The legal entity of the associate banks will cease to exist from the effective date of merger. State Bank of India shares closed at Rs270.40, up 0.65% on the BSE.
 
Automobile major Maruti Suzuki India on Wednesday launched its multi-purpose vehicle (MPV) Ertiga Limited Edition priced between Rs7.85 lakh and Rs8.10 lakh (ex-showroom, New Delhi). "The all-new features of Ertiga Limited Edition highlight the company's focus on building a customer connect through product differentiation while creating delight," RS Kalsi, Executive Director Marketing and Sales, Maruti Suzuki India, was quoted as saying in a statement. The company has sold over three lakh Ertiga MPV since its launch in 2012. Maruti Suzuki India shares closed at Rs6,027.05, up 2.84% on the BSE.
 
Continuing with the revival in exports for the fifth month in a row, Indian merchandise shipments overseas at $22.12 billion in January 2017 registered an uptick of 4.32% over the $21.20 billion exported in January 2015, official data showed on Wednesday. Imports during the month in consideration at $31.96 billion also marked an increase of 10.70% over the $28.87 billion worth of imports in January last year. Consequently, the trade deficit in January was higher at $9.84 billion, as compared to the deficit of $7.67 billion during same month of 2016. "The growth in exports is positive for USA (2.63%), EU (5.47%) and Japan (13.43%), but China has exhibited negative growth of (-1.51%) for November 2016 over the corresponding period of previous year as per latest WTO statistics," a Commerce Ministry release here said.  Cumulatively for the April-January period, exports rose marginally by 1.09% in dollar terms at $220.9 billion, as against exports of $218.5 billion over the same period last year. "Non-petroleum exports in January 2017 were valued at $19.42 billion against $19.11 billion in January 2016, an increase of 1.6%," a statement here said. Cumulative imports for April-January were worth more than $307.3 billion, which was a 5.81 per cent fall from the over $326.3 billion worth imports recorded for the same period of the previous fiscal. With global oil prices climbing back to nearly $55 a barrel, India's oil imports during January were valued at $8.14 billion, which was a massive 61.07% jump over oil imports valued at $5.05 billion in the corresponding month of 2016. Non-oil imports in January were static, increasing by 0.01% to $23.82 billion, from $23.81 billion in the same month of last year. The merchandise trade deficit cumulatively for April-January, however, declined by 19.82% to $86.39 billion, as against $107.7 billion in the same period of 2015-16. As per Reserve Bank of India data on Wednesday, services exports during December 2016 were valued at $13.80 billion, while imports stood at 8.29 billion, resulting in a positive trade balance of $5.5 billion. Export oriented companies are likely to maintain their bullish trend on the stock exchange.
 
Tata Steel workers in the UK on Wednesday voted robustly in favour of accepting steel producer's proposal on pensions, jobs, investment and production. As many as 72.1% of the members who turned out for votes from Community and 75.6% from Unite and 74% of the third union, GMB, voted for the rescue plan. "This result provides a mandate from our members to move forward in our discussions with Tata and find a sustainable solution for the British Steel Pension Scheme (BSPS)," said Roy Rickhuss, General Secretary of Community. "Steel workers have taken a tough decision and have shown they are determined to safeguard jobs and secure the long-term future of steelmaking. Nobody wanted to be in this situation, but as we have always said, it is vital that we now work together to protect the benefits already accrued and prevent the BSPS from free-falling into the PPF," he added. Tata Steel shares closed at Rs469.80, up 2.11% on the BSE.
 
The top gainers and top losers of the major indices are given in the table below:
 
 
The closing values of the major Asian indices are given in the table below:
 

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